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30多年来,德国锡根的传统功夫、太极拳、舞狮、舞龙、自卫和气功俱乐部。

功夫

训练课程

薛楚通师傅
薛楚通师傅

周家拳武术的训练内容能充分调动发挥人体的潜在能力。除了对于气息调节,武术训练,体能训练,自卫术,散打和传统项目的训练,我们更加关注于徒手及持械形式。此些套路样式(如日本空手道,中国拳法)主要涉及自防技巧,是基于了五种动物的特点。龙吟,虎啸,豹窜,蛇缠,鹤立,是拳法的原型,并在拳法中栩栩如生地表现出来。其中虎拳练骨,龙拳练神,豹拳练力,鹤拳练静,蛇拳练气。日本的空手道也包含此动物五形,但不及中国武术运用的完整与精炼。

在训练的第一阶段,学生会接触到至少五招周家拳招式。根据个人能力及天资,训练课程会持续四到五年,通过最终考核后拥有黑带。在后续训练阶段,研习的招式难度会增加且更具复杂。通过密集且艰苦的训练,学生们学习到如何增强自己的技巧,并在对决练习阶段将其巧妙运用调整以对抗对手。武术套路的丰富使学生能够选择到适合于个人的表现、能力及要求的招式。

这种形式的课程训练所带来的一个基本影响就是某些特性,诸如柔韧性,毅力,反应速度,耐力,感知度的明显提高,而进攻性会逐渐减少。另一个重要影响就是学生耳濡目染,深切体会实践到周家的品行行为。这种品行影响促使了学生们在训练期间建立起互信友好的关系并建立起自己的日常生活准则-对同胞无过激进攻行为。

译者: 邹杰


历史

岭光国术研究社所推介和传授的武术,是属于中外周家拳或洪头蔡尾拳。

周龙祖师
周龙祖师

谈起周家拳,就自然使人联想起大名鼎鼎的周龙,他是周家拳的祖师。

周家一门五杰,以周龙为首,他在十位兄弟中排行第五,周协排行第六、周彪排行第八、周海排行第九及周田排行第十;其中周彪和周海乃是孪生兄弟;他们五兄弟合称周家五虎,生长于广东新会县沙富乡。

周龙师傅最先是向其叔父周雄喜先生学洪拳,同时向蔡九仪之后代蔡九公学蔡家拳。南下谋生后又得泓一法师授北派拳术。因此周龙师傅不愧为一武林奇才,他融会贯通,撷取各派武艺,去芜存菁,创出了独树一格的周家拳,并早就了武术武林人才。周龙师傅却不幸因病英年早逝,不然他的成就不止于此。他传扬中华武术的丰功伟绩,常被后人所传颂及敬仰,并永远铭记于心。

周龙逝世后隔年,即一九零二年,其弟周彪师傅见周家馆之声誉日隆,不忍荒弃无人照顾,遂怡然辞卸福军教职,继承周龙主持馆务。翌年开设第一分馆。由一九二零至一九二一年,周彪先后开设了十四间分馆。

周彪祖师
周彪祖师

一九三六年英皇乔治六世登基,举行加冕大典,香港亦举行庆祝大游行。周彪连同一批武林朋友往港参加,同时在九龙东乐戏院公开表演。之后也乘到港之便,于香港九如坊设馆授徒,并由同抵港的麦展晴协助料理馆务。

周彪师傅在港期间,曾几度受聘于花纱行,归片行等为国术教席。同年他将在港的武术馆改称为“中外仁义堂”, 其意义即表示此乃中国以外之分馆,此后一直沿用至今。

第二次世界大战爆发后至战争结束的这段期间,因受战乱时局的影响,所有在广东的馆务皆告停顿。周彪师傅和其他兄弟都留在国内度过四年的战乱时间。大战一结束,各地馆务又逐渐恢复以往的基础。而正当竭力推动馆务,以期发扬中华武术传统时,岂料国内又发生内战,遂使一切活动又告停止。

一九四九年,周彪师傅与周田师叔两位,由广州经澳门往港谋出路。周师傅抵港后,立即受聘于鲜鱼行总会,担任首席教练。而周田师叔也在港黄大仙地区,涉馆授徒。正当极力发扬国本,前途可期之时,却可惜天不假年,于一九六一年,农历元月十九日与世长辞。周彪师傅亦不幸于同年农历三月十四日,病逝于港邸。从此一代拳术先师永别人间,而后人只能凭追忆,将他们所遗留下来的国术精华,共同切磋并发扬光大。

周家拳的兴起,只不过短短近百年时间,但却不失为比较全面、完善和系统化的拳术。其发展非常快,在中国国内,如广州、佛山、官山、江门、台山、新昌、九江、肇庆、梧州等,国外如港澳、新马、美国、英国和西欧等地方,都有人在传扬中外周家拳术。


門派

周家拳: 传承周家的武术风格,也被形容为‘‘洪头蔡尾‘‘,‘‘洪‘‘,为首,‘‘蔡‘‘为尾。

周龙师傅是向其叔父周洪学习洪拳,师傅蔡九仪学习蔡家拳,泓一法师学习北派拳术。

艺之精粹,独创了周家武术。


师傅

  • 周龙祖师
    周龙祖师 (1890 - 1919)
    创建了周家拳武术。
  • 周彪祖师
    周彪祖师 (1899 - 1961)
    继周龙祖师后,发扬光大周家拳武术。
  • 麥志
    麥志师傅 (1908 - 1978)
    周彪祖师之徒弟。
    将周家拳在新加坡发扬光大。
  • 周錦波師傅
    周錦波師傅 (1925 - 2001)
    周彪祖師之徒弟。
    在九江管理周彪祖師設立的武館, 九江英勇堂。
  • 林振钦
    林振钦师傅 (出生于 1941年)
    麦志最年轻的徒弟。
    创建新加坡岭光国术研究社。
  • 薛楚通师傅
    薛楚通师傅 (出生于1954年)
    在1974年将周家拳武术带到德国,
    目前在德国锡根岭光国术研究社就任武术总教练。

族譜

此族谱完成尽我们能力,如有不尽完善之处,请联系我们 邮箱: info@kungfu-tradition.de

舞狮

训练课程

Chinese Lion
Chinese Lion

新加坡德国岭光国术研究社的舞狮风格属于鹤山派(鹤山狮)。此民间艺术形式开始于中国古代八国征战夺权期间。战争结束后,人们创造了舞狮作为胜利的标志。因此,舞狮也被称为“胜利狮”。

舞狮一般以两人为单位。一人掌狮头,展现狮子的眼睛,耳朵和嘴巴。狮头是由竹篾扎结而成,表面涂粘多层带韧性的皮纸。一人藏狮背,狮背多由布料制成,表演者主要展现狮背和狮尾的动作。狮头和狮身由绳线连接在一起。舞狮的每个动作都深赋含义,舞狮通由步形和鼓乐节奏表现出狮子的各种表情。舞狮队具备专业人员演奏大锣,大鼓,大钹配合狮的舞动。

狮子采青的表演要求舞者对身体有高度的控制,并且表演者之间要配合协调,这样才能将舞狮表演的栩栩如生。如此精湛的技艺与高超的难度只能通过表演者的艰苦强化训练来达成。表演者舞狮之前必须首先学习训练基本动作及各式跳跃,因此坚实的功夫功底是对舞狮表演者的首要要求。

Master Choo Chuan Chew and Dennis Seet
Master Choo Chuan Chew
and Dennis Seet

舞狮表演中,哈哈大笑的大头佛是另一个对表演者有高要求的角色。表演者必须非常灵活,如特技演员般跳跃和表现各式舞狮步伐。舞者必须头戴道具(多被涂成粉红色,白色代表女性),身披大长袍,手执大葵扇。

贯穿整个舞狮表演有三种乐器-大锣、大鼓,大钹。这三种乐器的演奏配合助兴狮子的动作与神情,因此要求乐器表演者通过训练具备精准的音乐技艺。

自一九九一年起,新加坡德国岭光国术研究社开始舞狮表演并且成为欧洲最早开始舞狮表演的团队之一。其舞狮表演深得在南亚地区久负盛名的新加坡岭光国术研究社的指导。新加坡岭光国术研究社亦以舞狮、舞龙闻名,其舞狮导师是余德盛师傅。由其带领的舞狮团队曾屡屡在全国锦标赛获得大奖,其本人也是一位被公认的舞狮专家。他也曾多次被邀请至海外教授舞狮。

师傅朱泉州, 亦从师过余德盛导师,是现任新加坡岭光国术研究社的舞狮、舞龙教练。此外,他还负责指导海外的各分支机构,诸如新加坡德国岭光国术研究社等。


历史

Lion Dance in Singapore
Lion Dance in Singapore

舞狮是中国优秀的传统民间艺术。 舞狮历史久远,其最初的起源已不详。唐代时期(公元618-906年)有一个古老的传说。话说唐明皇深夜入睡时梦见一只长相奇特的独角兽救了自己一命。唐明皇梦醒后要重睹这一现象,他向近臣描述了他梦境中的瑞兽。近臣告诉他这奇兽长相类似于西域的狮子。由于怪兽在梦里救了皇帝一命,所以这怪兽很快成为中国人心目中的瑞兽,象征着吉祥如意,为民众消除灾害。时至今日,瑞狮给人们带来吉祥的传说仍然广为流传。

舞狮可以大致分为两类:北狮和南狮。北狮表演较为接近杂耍,以娱乐为主。北狮的造型酷似真狮,狮身通常为红色,橙黄和黄色(狮头有绿结者为雌性),狮头为金黄。

南狮更具有象征意义。每逢喜庆节日或者隆重庆典,民间都以舞狮祝庆,迎来吉祥,驱除厄运。南狮造型较为威猛,狮头色彩艳丽,制作考究,不同颜色狮头象征意义亦有所不同。南狮眼大而能转动,额头有镜,面颊饱满,头中央有独角。

广东是南狮的发源地,又可再细分成六类,即:佛山派,鹤山派,佛鹤派,周家派 (周家功夫),青狮派(主要在福建和台湾地区流行)。

由于佛山舞狮外形凶猛,狮尾较长,而鹤山舞狮面相和善且狮尾较短,所以鹤山舞狮能具有更多的杂技特色,诸如各式跳跃。

Lion Dance in Singapore
Lion Dance in Singapore

舞狮之前要举行“点睛”仪式,赋予新狮生命。狮子经开光点睛后,才会赋予其生命灵性,才会有其活灵活现的表演。

舞狮表演要历经考验完成任务,象征着给人们带来吉祥和幸福。狮子先是观察人们准备的食物,迈着调皮和试探性的步伐,慢慢接近目标,然后一跃而起把青菜一口吃掉,即民间所谓的采青(用的多是生菜)。在这个过程中,狮子将自己的惧,惊,喜,乐表现的淋漓尽致。吃过“青“, 狮子疑心将醉,遂又将生菜吐出。在狮子采青过程中,它需要排除种种障碍,诸如有毒动物(蛇,蜈蚣,蝎子等),猜字谜,翻越高山(由长凳组成), 趟过河流。狮子采青也展现了表演者的技能。在这一过程中表演者必须遵循一定的规则和程序。

南狮表演另一个重要部分来自一个幽默诙谐的大头佛----一个头大,哈哈大笑的光头和尚。他与狮子同舞且与其嬉戏。他必须指引狮子捕获食物,也就是引导狮子去采青,这象征着好运气的到来。狮子情绪高涨时会跟大头佛嬉戏,表现出追逐,抓咬的动作,而狮子情绪低落时则会击打周边。

很多功夫或武术学校在一些重大节日场合,例如农历新年,商店开业庆典,婚礼,接待,宗教节日或者仪式上表演这一传统舞狮节目并被世界上大多城市所认可。


族譜

此族谱完成尽我们能力,如有不尽完善之处,请联系我们 邮箱: info@kungfu-tradition.de

舞龙

训练课程

Chinese Dragon
Chinese Dragon

龙在中国的神话与传说中是一种吉祥之物,在亚洲地区被广泛推崇。在西方世界,龙通常被视为邪恶危险之物,但是对于中国人来说却正好相反。

但无论在西方世界亦或是东方世界里,龙都代表着“超自然”和“力量”,中国更将龙视为“威力”和“内在力量”的象征。在亚洲,很多作家,艺术家,雕刻家以及大众更是将龙视为“自然之王”。在过去的一千年间,舞龙的延续和发展都经历了一个曲折的历程。

人们用舞龙这一传统方式来庆祝中国农历新年,商业开业庆典,道教节日以及其他纪念节日。龙是中国华夏民族世世代代所崇拜的图腾,舞龙表演被视为给人们带来吉祥,健康和财富。

在制作上,龙身通常由分段的轻型木构成,龙身覆盖由布料,闪光片和刺绣制成的鳞片。龙头由竹蔑扎成,外部用料为多层布料或丝绸。龙口巨大且下颚灵活。具备武术功底的学生们借助固定在分段龙身的撑杆舞动整条巨龙。

舞龙主要展现龙通过努力获得智慧珍珠。龙追逐珍珠也是由一名武术人员来完成。别具特色的击鼓和大钹演奏配合助兴舞龙的表演。

太极拳

训练课程

太极拳在汉语中被翻译成“至高至极力”。这种终极概念通常被联系到中国的阴阳辩证理念-即在世间所有的事物里,普遍存在相克对立的两种属性。“力”或者这里的“拳”字指的是武术学派或者搏斗方式,也可以被认为是实现阴阳平衡或达成至高至极力的方式或方法。

今天,太极拳在西方世界也被广为推广。但在太极拳发展初期,其仅仅是作为家族内传的一种拳术运动。太极拳在其源起形成时期就包含着多样化的武术套路,而武术中的搏斗涉及到不断变化着的动态相互作用力。太极拳借助于气、劲的相互转化将对手的来力引化掉,再借力发力,后发制人。这也是太极的宗旨概念所在。

许多太极拳练习者将重点放在意念练习及修身养性上,而有些练习者则对于太极武术方面有着相当浓厚的兴趣。而无论其侧重点如何不同,所有太极拳派式都强调通过招式练习去理解各个动作的内在蕴义。

在中国哲学和中医学里,都存在着一个概念“气”,即赋予身体的生命力。太极拳的其中一个作用就是促进人体内部气的形成及其在体内的循环,而气的循环紧密作用到人体的神经及血管系统,这非常类似于中医学的针灸和其他东方治疗医术。正因如此,练习太极拳有益于身体健康并增强生命活力。

通过专心和精准的训练,练习者获得了平静和安宁。这也促使练习者更好的颐养性情,达成身心和谐平衡,掌握更强的运动技巧。太极拳老少皆宜,有益于身心健康,因此得到越来越多医师的鼓励和提倡。

社团

社团历史

薛楚通师傅
薛楚通师傅

新加坡德国岭光国术研究社,也就是众所周知的岭光英勇堂,是一个经官方批准注册,着力于弘扬中华文化,推介周家拳功夫的武术社团。该社团中心现位于德国锡根市,其渊源地始于新加坡。

一九六一年从师于祖师傅麦志的林振钦师傅在新加坡创建了第一家武术社团。一九六四年此社团被正式命名为新加坡岭光国术研究社并由林振钦师傅本人亲自执教。由于林振钦师傅的亲力亲为,加上教导认真,很快社团便取得了成功,很多父母将子女送至社团学习武术。不久社团开始教授传统舞狮与舞龙并得到广泛认可。除此之外,社团还负责学徒的医药保健。基于林振钦师傅的辛勤努力和不懈坚持,很快该社团便成为新加坡最具影响力的武术社团之一。

一九七四年经由政府公派,师傅薛楚通离开祖国新加坡前往德国修读机械课程。早在其年青时期他便对中华武术产生了浓厚兴趣并先后从师学习于多所武术学校。求学时期的他曾学习过柔道,后与其堂兄一起学习传统杨氏太极拳。再从师于师傅陈胜利,学习空掌防身术。三年后又在师傅黄国强的教导下,学习了山东螳螂拳术。从一九七五年起他开始研习周家拳法。先后从师于郑振贤师傅和林振钦师傅。

在其留德期间,薛楚通师傅曾任教于哈根柔道馆,亲自教授林振钦师傅的功夫。彼时,中华武术并未广泛被德国大众所知,而薛楚通师傅则是当时为数不多的最早在德国传授中华功夫的人之一。

基于学生数量大幅增加,薛楚通师傅遂于一九七五年在科隆开设了武术课程。一九七七年其毕业后回国,而其得意门徒法郎崖那鹤君则在德国继续传授功夫。

Kung Fu Flyer 1976
Kung Fu Flyer 1976

一九八零年,薛楚通师傅重新回到德国。由于周家拳在德国越来越盛行,越来越多的武馆也得以相继成立(一九八零年在锡根,一九八一年在 迪伦堡 和外兹拉),薛楚通师傅遂决定留在德国将周家拳法发扬光大。同杨良福师傅和王庆发师傅(二人亦从师于林振钦师傅)以及爱徒法郎崖那鹤君一起,他们共同成立了第一所位于盖沃尔斯贝格的武馆。之后他们陆续于一九八三年在威登和锡根,一九八五年在哈瑟林呼森, 一九九二年在波恩成立武馆 。

一九八三年,新加坡德国岭光国术研究社正式在锡根成立,薛楚通师傅任武术总教练。一九九零年林振钦师傅满怀祝福的赠与了德国岭光国术研究社“岭光英勇堂”(意英雄豪杰齐聚一堂)的美名。此后,林振钦师傅经常来访德国,指导学生周家拳法。同时英勇堂也固定安排德国学徒前往新加坡,师从林振钦师傅学习功夫。

一九九零年始,位于锡根市的岭光国术研究社将传统南方鹤山舞狮纳入教授课程。这也是在德国最早教授传统舞狮技艺的武术社团。在过去的二十多年时间里,岭光国术研究社也频频在国内及国际比赛上取得巨大成功。

一九九六年,岭光国术研究社开设太极拳课程。二零零五年至今,传统舞龙也在教授课程内。

自二零零三年十月,新加坡岭光国术研究社位于锡根市巴登街, 它是德国最早的教授传统功夫的武术社团之一。在薛楚通师傅的辛勤努力下,在德国涌现出了越来越多的周家拳法武术社团,其几十年的不懈耕耘,也使得传统中华武术(包含舞龙,舞狮)在德国越来越受欢迎,并得到了更好的完善和更广泛的认可。

译者: 邹杰


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纪念周錦波師傅 簡史

周師傅在九江上東業餘武術體育會
周師傅在九江上東業餘武術體育會

周錦波,生於1925年,原籍廣東省,新會市馬原村長大。六歲失父,八歲隨母親搬到江門市。在江門市,周錦波意外發現市内有一位著名拳術名師周彪經營的周館仁義堂,第九分館。對武術的興趣與熱愛使他每晚都到武館觀看人們在練習,並嘗試模仿看到的動作。周錦波的行爲並沒有被忽視,周彪師傅看到他對武術的熱愛,提議朱華和李牛教練接受周錦波為周館仁義堂第九分館的學生。周錦波在十嵗時正式拜周彪師傅為師,學習周家拳。

在1939年,由於日軍侵華導致經濟困頓,周錦波和母親被迫離開江門市到香港謀生。
五年過後,周錦波與母親一起再回到江門市。經由一名周館的資深會員,周錦波被推薦在一家金匠店當學徒。在巧合下,金匠店主也是周館理事會成員,於是周錦波在店主輔導下回復訓練周家拳。

1946年周彪師傅安排周錦波到新會縣井根村與橫山村設立兩所周家武術分館並留下任教。

1947年周彪師傅再安排周錦波到南海九江,重開南海九江英勇堂。並將其更名爲周館仁義堂。傅焯光為主任教練,直到1949年中國解放。
解放後,社會百廢待興,周錦波為支持家庭也干過各種苦工。

1971年,周錦波被勞工當局派到九江一家酿酒廠工作,由於白天工作量並不繁重,傍晚周錦波得以在附近的空地上練習武術。在他的帶領下他的學生們也逐漸回歸至訓練班,繼續跟隨周錦波練習周家拳。學員壯大,後來空地不能再滿足于武術訓練,訓練班移到周錦波家花園繼續練習周家拳。到目前為止,周錦波師傅開創的武館仍然存在,名為中外周館九江上東業餘武術體育會。

Ying Yong Tang school hall
九江上東英勇堂業餘武術體育會禮堂

1997年4月,在香港中外周館陳萬祥師傅的邀請下新加坡嶺光國術研究社到香港社團進行交流。由我研究社林振錦師傅率領代表隊一起到香港。
在香港逗留期間,陳師傅聯繫九江周錦波師傅,並安排我們代表团前往九江拜訪周師傅家鄉。抵達九江,代表团受到了中外周館九江上東業餘武術體育會會員們的熱烈歡迎。在與九江社團武术交流期間,雙方交流關於周家拳武術知識,談論和觀察亞洲與歐洲周館的活動。周師傅借此機會,介紹我們他所學的周家武術,也指點我們周家醒獅。
周師傅連同九江上東業餘武術體育會會員與學徒尽地主之誼,其待客之熱情,給我們在九江的逗留留下了一個令人難忘的旅程記憶。這也決定了我們計劃再次訪問九江與周錦波師傅的旅程。

與九江英勇堂會員合照
與九江英勇堂會員合照

在1998年2月間,我與四名德國嶺光英勇堂武館的學徒前往九江上東英勇堂进行第二次交流的旅程。這五名熱情的德國周家拳學徒給周錦波師傅留下了深刻的印象,正因此周師傅親自指導和傳授了幾套周家拳給我們,也向我們解释手法,拳法,步法應用程序的技術。在九江短暫逗留期間,我們難得有機會更好地了解周師傅,他的仁慈與慷慨,不带偏見和無私的精神態度,顯示了他是一個卓越之人,給我們留下深刻印象。
在我們離開之前,禮尚往來,我們邀請周師傅到德國訪問,他欣然接受。

德國西根市嶺光英勇堂禮堂
德國西根市嶺光英勇堂禮堂

2000年五月二十五日,是個令人興奮的日子,我們到德國法蘭克福國際機場歡迎周錦波師傅和他的代表团到達德國。陪同周師傅此行有他的家庭成員,以及九江市市長。
雖然从廣東到歐洲的征途是漫長和勞累,但周師傅沒有花太多的時間休息,到達德國西根市嶺光英勇堂武館後,周師傅集合所有德國學生,觀看每個學生練習情況後並開始親自指導和傳授周家拳,拳法,講解周家拳文化。

在德國逗留,並不只限於武術訓練,也有家訪以及雙方游覽歐洲的旅程。
旅行期間,我們有更多的時間去瞭解雙方。記得有一個有趣的事件發生在意大利一家餐廳,游覽团由於語言差异不瞭解雙方語言,因此在訂購餐点時有問題,但這並不成為妨礙。周師傅的兒子周柏榮打電話到德國,請我幫他通過電話訂餐。

2000年六月十一日,周師傅與代表团離開歐洲回國,在機場告别時大家的眼睛潮濕了。代表团離開了,但友誼與武術精神仍然存在。最重要的是周師傅在我們的心中留下一個美好的印象。

2001年12月08日,周錦波師傅安詳的告別人閒。
他一生熱心武術,為發揚周家拳不遺餘力。耕耘多年,桃李滿門。他宅心仁厚,深受弟子,同門及各界人仕愛戴,可謂劍膽琴心,才德兼備也。

作者: 薛楚通

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Rights under the General Data Protection Regulation

You are generally entitled to the following rights according to the provisions of the GDPR:

  • Right of rectification (Article 16 GDPR)
  • Right to erasure ("right to be forgotten") (Article 17 GDPR)
  • Right to restriction of processing (Article 18 GDPR)
  • Right to be notified - Obligation to notify in connection with the rectification or erasure of personal data or the restriction of processing (Article 19 GDPR)
  • Right to data portability (Article 20 GDPR)
  • Right to object (Article 21 GDPR)
  • Right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing - including profiling (Article 22 GDPR)

If you believe that the processing of your data violates data protection law or that your data protection rights have otherwise been infringed in any way, you can contact contact the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (BfDI).

Analysis of visitor behaviour

In the following data protection declaration, we inform you whether and how we evaluate data from your visit to this website. The evaluation of the collected data is generally carried out anonymous and we cannot draw any conclusions about your person from your behaviour on this website.

You can find out more about ways to object to this analysis of your visit data in the following data protection declaration.

TLS encryption with https

We use https to transmit data securely over the Internet (data protection through technical design). Article 25(1) DSGVO). Through the By using TLS (Transport Layer Security), an encryption protocol for secure data transmission on the Internet, we can ensure the protection of confidential data. You can recognise the use of this data transmission security by the small lock symbol at the top left of the browser and the use of the https scheme (instead of http) as part of our Internet address.

Google Maps Privacy Policy

We use Google Maps from Google Inc. on our website. Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services in Europe. responsible for all Google services. Google Maps enables us to better show you locations and thus adapt our service to your needs. Through the use of Google Maps, data is data is transferred to Google and stored on Google servers. Here we would like to go into more detail about what Google Maps is, why we use this Google service, what data is stored and how you can prevent this. data is stored and how you can prevent this.

What is Google Maps?

Google Maps is an internet mapping service provided by Google. With Google Maps, you can search online via a PC, tablet or app for exact locations of cities, places of interest, accommodation or businesses online using a PC, tablet or app. If companies are represented on Google My Business, further information about the company is displayed in addition to the location. To show the To show how to get there, map sections of a location can be integrated into a website using HTML code. Google Maps shows the surface of the earth as a street map or as an aerial or satellite image. aerial or satellite image. Thanks to the Street View images and the high-quality satellite images, very accurate representations are possible.

Why do we use Google Maps on our website?

All our efforts on this site are aimed at providing you with a useful and meaningful time on our website. By integrating Google Maps, we are able to provide you with the most provide you with the most important information on various locations. You can see at a glance where we are located. The directions always show you the best or fastest way to reach us. to us. You can call up the directions for routes by car, public transport, on foot or by bicycle. For us, the provision of Google Maps is part of our customer service.

What data is stored by Google Maps?

In order for Google Maps to fully provide their service, the company needs to collect and store data from you. This includes, among other things, the search terms you enter, your IP address and also the latitude and longitude coordinates. If you use the route planner function, the starting address you entered is also stored. However, this data storage takes place on the web pages of Google Maps. We can only inform you about this, but cannot influence it. Since we have integrated Google Maps into our website, Google sets at least one cookie (name: NID) in your browser. This cookie stores data about your user behaviour. Google uses this data primarily to optimise its own services and to provide you with individual, personalised advertising, personalised advertising for you.

The following cookie is set in your browser due to the integration of Google Maps:

Name: NID
. Wert: 188=h26c1Ktha7fCQTx8rXgLyATyITJ311257055-5
Purpose: NID is used by Google to customise advertisements to your Google searches. With the help of the cookie, Google "remembers" your most frequently search queries or your previous interaction with ads. This way you will always get tailored ads. The cookie contains a unique ID that Google uses to collect your personal preferences for advertising purposes.
Expiration date: after 6 months.

Note: We cannot guarantee completeness in the details of the stored data. Especially when using cookies, changes can never be ruled out. never be excluded. In order to identify the cookie NID, a separate test page was created where only Google Maps was integrated.

How long and where are the data stored?

Google servers are located in data centres around the world. However, most servers are located in America. For this reason, your data is increasingly stored in the USA. USA. You can find out exactly where Google's data centres are located here: https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/?hl=de

Google distributes the data on different data carriers. This means that the data can be accessed more quickly and is better protected against any attempts at manipulation. Each data centre also has also have special emergency programmes. If, for example, there are problems with Google's hardware or a natural disaster paralyses the servers, the data will still be protected. protected.

Google stores some data for a set period of time. For other data, Google only offers the option of deleting it manually. The company also anonymises information information (such as advertising data) in server logs by deleting part of the IP address and cookie information after 9 and 18 months respectively.

How can I delete my data or prevent data storage?

With the automatic deletion of location and activity data introduced in 2019, location and web/app activity information will be stored - depending on your decision - for either stored for either 3 or 18 months and then deleted. In addition, you can also manually delete this data from your history at any time via your Google Account. If you want to completely completely, you must pause the "Web and App Activity" section in your Google Account. Click "Data and personalisation" and then on the option "Activity setting". Here you can switch the activities on or off.

In your browser, you can also deactivate, delete or manage individual cookies. Depending on which browser you use, this always works slightly differently. The following instructions show how to manage cookies in your browser:

Chrome: Delete, activate and manage cookies in Chrome

Safari: Managing cookies and website data with Safari

Firefox: clear cookies to remove data that websites have placed on your computer

Internet Explorer: deleting and managing cookies

Microsoft Edge: deleting and managing cookies

If you generally don't want cookies, you can set your browser to notify you whenever a cookie is about to be set. In this way, you can decide for each individual cookie whether you allow it or not.

Google is an active participant in the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework, which governs the accurate and secure transfer of personal data. More information can be found at https://www.privacyshield.gov/participant?id=a2zt000000001L5AAI. If you want to learn more about Google's data processing, we recommend you read the company's in-house privacy policy at. https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=de.

Google Fonts privacy policy

We use Google Fonts on our website. These are the "Google Fonts" of the company Google Inc. For the European area, the company Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services.

You do not have to log in or enter a password to use Google fonts. Furthermore, no cookies are stored in your browser. The files (CSS, fonts) are requested via the Google domains fonts.googleapis.com and fonts.gstatic.com. According to Google, the requests for CSS and fonts are completely separate from all other other Google services. If you have a Google account, you do not need to worry about your Google account information being transmitted to Google while using Google Fonts. Google records the use of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and the fonts used and stores this data securely. We will take a closer look at exactly how this data is stored. in detail.

What are Google Fonts?

Google Fonts (formerly Google Web Fonts) is a directory of over 800 fonts that Google makes available to its users free of charge. free of charge.

Many of these fonts are released under the SIL Open Font License while others are released under the Apache License . Both are free software licences.

Why do we use Google Fonts on our website?

Google Fonts allows us to use fonts on our own website, but we don't have to upload them to our own server. Google Fonts is an important part of keeping the quality of our website high. quality of our website. All Google Fonts are automatically optimised for the web and this saves data volume and is a great advantage especially for the use with mobile devices. a great advantage. When you visit our site, the low file size ensures a fast loading time. Furthermore, Google Fonts are secure web fonts. Different image synthesis systems (rendering) in different browsers, operating systems and mobile devices can lead to errors. Such errors can sometimes distort the appearance of texts or visually distorted. Thanks to the fast Content Delivery Network (CDN), there are no cross-platform problems with Google Fonts. Google Fonts supports all common browsers (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera) and works reliably on most modern mobile operating systems, including Android 2.2+ and iOS 4.2+ (iPhone, iPad, iPod). So we use Google Fonts so that we can present our entire online service as beautifully and consistently as possible.

What data is stored by Google?

When you visit our website, the fonts are reloaded via a Google server. This external call-up transmits data to the Google servers. In this way Google also recognises that you or your IP address are visiting our website. The Google Fonts API was developed to reduce the use, storage and collection of end-user data to what is necessary for the proper provision of fonts. By the way, API stands for "Application Programming Interface" and serves, among other things, as a data transmitter in the software sector.

Google Fonts stores CSS and font requests securely at Google and is therefore protected. are well received. Google publishes the results on internal analysis pages, such as Google Analytics. In addition, Google also uses data from its own web crawler to determine which websites are using Google fonts. This data is published in the Google Fonts BigQuery database. Entrepreneurs and developers use the Google web service BigQuery to be able to examine and move large amounts of data.

It is important to remember, however, that each Google Font request also sends information such as language settings, IP address, browser version, browser screen resolution and browser name automatically to the Google Web Service. browser name are automatically transmitted to the Google servers. Whether this data is also stored cannot be clearly determined or is not clearly communicated by Google.

How long and where is the data stored?

Google stores requests for CSS assets for one day on its servers, which are mainly located outside the EU. This allows us, with the help of a Google stylesheet, to use the to use the fonts. A stylesheet is a format template that can be used to easily and quickly change the design or font of a website, for example.

The font files are stored by Google for one year. Google's aim is to fundamentally improve the loading time of websites. If millions of web pages refer to the same fonts, they are cached after the first visit and immediately reappear on all other websites visited later. Sometimes Google updates font files to reduce file size, increase language coverage and improve design.

How can I delete or prevent my data from being stored?

The data that Google stores for a day or a year cannot simply be deleted. The data is automatically transmitted to Google when the page is accessed. To delete this data you will need to contact Google support at https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=311257055. You can only prevent data storage in this case if you do not visit our site.

Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unlimited access to all fonts. We can therefore access an unlimited sea of fonts and thus get the most out of our website. for our website. You can find out more about Google Fonts and other issues at. https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=311257055. There, Google does go into privacy-related matters, but really detailed information about data storage is not included. It is relatively difficult to get really precise information from Google about stored data.

You can also find out what data is basically collected by Google and what it is used for on https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.

Google Fonts Local Privacy Policy

On our website, we use Google Fonts from Google Inc. For the European region, the company Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible. responsible. We have integrated the Google fonts locally, i.e. on our web server - not on Google's servers. This means that there is no connection to Google servers and therefore and therefore no data transfer or storage.

What are Google Fonts?

Google Fonts used to be called Google Web Fonts. This is an interactive directory of over 800 fonts that can be Google provides for free. With Google Fonts, you could use fonts without uploading them to your own server. uploading them. But in order to prevent any transfer of information to Google servers in this regard, we have downloaded the fonts to our server. In this way we act data protection compliant and do not send any data to Google Fonts.

Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unlimited access to all fonts. This means we have unlimited access to a sea of fonts and can thus get the most out of our website. for our website. You can find out more about Google Fonts and other issues at. https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=311257055.

Embedded social media elements privacy policy

We embed elements of social media services on our website to display images, videos and text.
. When you visit pages that display these elements, data is transferred from your browser to the respective social media service and stored there. We have no access to this data. this data.
The following links will take you to the pages of the respective social media services where it is explained how they handle your data:

YouTube privacy policy

We have incorporated YouTube videos on our website. This allows us to present interesting videos directly on our site. YouTube is a video portal that since 2006 has been a subsidiary of Google since 2006. The video portal is operated by YouTube, LLC, 901 Cherry Ave, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA. If you call up a page on our website that has an embedded YouTube video, your browser automatically connects to the YouTube or Google servers. In the process, various data are transmitted (depending on the settings). Google is responsible for Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all data processing in Europe.

In the following, we would like to explain in more detail which data is processed, why we have integrated YouTube videos and how you can manage or delete your data.

What is YouTube?

On YouTube, users can watch, rate, comment and upload videos for free. Over the last few years, YouTube has become one of the most important social media channels in the world. To enable us to display videos on our website, YouTube provides a code snippet that we have built into our site.

Why do we use YouTube videos on our website?

YouTube is the video platform with the most visitors and the best content. We are committed to providing you with the best possible user experience on our website. And of course interesting videos can't be missing. With the help of our embedded videos, we provide you with further helpful content in addition to our texts and images. In addition, our website is found more easily on the Google search engine through the embedded videos. Also, when we run ads through Google Ads, the data we collect allows Google to show those ads only to people who are interested. Google can only show these ads to people who are interested in what we have to offer.

What data is stored by YouTube?

As soon as you visit one of our pages that has a YouTube video embedded, YouTube sets at least one cookie that stores your IP address and our URL. If you are logged into your YouTube account, YouTube can usually associate your interactions on our website with your profile using cookies. This includes data such as session duration, bounce rate, approximate location, technical information such as browser type, screen resolution or your internet service provider. Other data may include contact details, any ratings, sharing of content via social media or adding to your profile. via social media or adding to your favourites on YouTube.

If you are not signed into a Google Account or YouTube account, Google stores data with a unique identifier associated with your device, browser or app. So your preferred language setting is retained, for example. But a lot of interaction data can't be stored because fewer cookies are set.

In the following list, we show cookies that were set in the browser in a test. On the one hand, we show cookies that are set without a logged-in YouTube account. On the other hand cookies that are set with a logged-in account. The list cannot claim to be complete because the user data always depends on the interactions on YouTube.

Name: YSC
Value: b9-CV6ojI5Y311257055-1
Purpose: This cookie registers a unique ID to store statistics of the video watched.
Expiration date: after the end of the session.

Name: PREF
. Value: f1=50000000
Purpose: This cookie also registers your unique ID. Google gets statistics about how you use YouTube videos on our website via PREF.
. Expiration date: after 8 months.

Name: GPS
Value: 1
Purpose: This cookie registers your unique ID on mobile devices to track GPS location.
Expiration date: after 30 minutes.

Name: VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE
Value: 95Chz8bagyU
Purpose: This cookie attempts to estimate the user's bandwidth on our web pages (with embedded YouTube video).
Expiration date: after 8 months.

Other cookies set when you are logged in with your YouTube account:

Name: APISID
Value: zILlvClZSkqGsSwI/AU1aZI6HY7311257055-
Purpose: This cookie is used to create a profile about your interests. The data is used for personalised advertisements. Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: CONSENT
. Value: YES+AT.en+20150628-20-0
Purpose: The cookie stores the status of a user's consent to use different services from Google. CONSENT is also used for security purposes to verify users and and to protect user data from unauthorised attacks. Expiration date: after 19 years.

Name: HSID
Value: AcRwpgUik9Dveht0I
Purpose: This cookie is used to create a profile about your interests. This data helps to display personalised advertising.
Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: LOGIN_INFO
Value: AFmmF2swRQIhALl6aL...
Purpose: This cookie stores information about your login details.
. Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: SAPISID
Value: 7oaPxoG-pZsJuuF5/AnUdDUIsJ9iJz2vdM
Purpose: This cookie works by uniquely identifying your browser and device. It is used to create a profile about your interests. create.
Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: SID
Value: oQfNKjAsI311257055-
Purpose: This cookie stores your Google Account ID and your last login time in digitally signed and encrypted form.
Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: SIDCC
Value: AN0-TYuqub2JOcDTyL
Purpose: This cookie stores information about how you use the website and what advertisements you may have seen before visiting our site.
Expiration date: after 3 months.

How long and where is the data stored?

The data that YouTube receives from you and processes is stored on Google servers. Most of these servers are located in America. At https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/?hl=de  you can see exactly where Google's data centres are located. Your data is distributed across the servers. This means that the data can be accessed more quickly and is better protected against manipulation.

Google stores the collected data for different lengths of time. Some data can be deleted at any time, others are automatically deleted after a limited period of time and still others are stored by Google for a longer period of time. stored by Google for a longer period of time. Some data (such as My Activity items, photos or documents, products) stored in your Google Account will remain stored until you delete it. stored until you delete it. Even if you are not signed in to a Google Account, you can delete some data associated with your device, browser or app.

How can I delete my data or prevent data from being stored?

Basically, you can delete data in your Google Account manually. With the automatic deletion feature of location and activity data introduced in 2019, information will be stored depending on your decision - either stored for 3 or 18 months and then deleted.

Whether you have a Google account or not, you can configure your browser to delete or disable cookies from Google. Depending on the browser you use you use, this works in different ways. The following instructions show how to manage cookies in your browser:

Chrome: Delete, enable and manage cookies in Chrome

Safari: Managing cookies and website data with Safari

Firefox: clear cookies to remove data that websites have placed on your computer

Internet Explorer: deleting and managing cookies

Microsoft Edge: deleting and managing cookies

If you do not want cookies as a matter of principle, you can set up your browser so that it always informs you when a cookie is to be set. In this way, you can decide for each individual cookie whether you allow it or not. As YouTube is a subsidiary of Google, there is a joint privacy policy. If you would like to find out more about your data, we recommend that you read the data protection declaration at https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=de.

Google reCAPTCHA privacy policy

Our primary goal is to keep our website as secure and safe as possible for you and for us. In order to ensure this, we use Google reCAPTCHA from the company Google Inc. Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services in Europe. With reCAPTCHA we can determine whether you really are a flesh and blood human being and not a robot or other spam software. By spam we mean any unsolicited information sent to us electronically. that comes to us in an unsolicited manner. With the classic CAPTCHAS, you usually had to solve text or picture puzzles to check. With reCAPTCHA from Google, we don't have to bother you with such puzzles. with such riddles. Here, in most cases, it is enough to simply tick a box and thus confirm that you are not a bot. With the new Invisible reCAPTCHA version, you no longer have to no longer have to set a check mark. You will find out exactly how this works and, above all, what data is used for this purpose in the course of this privacy policy.

What is reCAPTCHA?

reCAPTCHA is a free captcha service from Google that protects websites from spam software and abuse by non-human visitors. The most common use of this service is when filling out forms on the internet. A captcha service is a kind of automatic Turing test that is designed to ensure that an action on the internet is performed by a human and not a bot. not by a bot. In the classic Turing test (named after the computer scientist Alan Turing), a human determines the distinction between a bot and a human. With captchas, the computer the computer or a software programme. Classical captchas work with small tasks that are easy for humans to solve, but present considerable difficulties for machines. for machines. With reCAPTCHA, you no longer have to actively solve puzzles. The tool uses modern risk techniques to distinguish humans from bots. All you have to do here is tick the text box "I am not a robot" or, with Invisible reCAPTCHA, even that is no longer necessary. With reCAPTCHA, a JavaScript element is integrated into the source code and then the tool runs in the background and analyses your user behaviour. in the background and analyses your user behaviour. From these user actions, the software calculates a so-called captcha score. Google uses this score to calculate before the Google uses this score to calculate the probability that you are a human before you enter the captcha. reCAPTCHA or captchas in general are always used when bots perform certain actions (e.g. registrations, surveys, etc.). registrations, surveys, etc.) could be manipulated or abused.

Why do we use reCAPTCHA on our website?

We only want to welcome flesh and blood people to our site. Bots or spam software of any kind can safely stay at home. That's why we pull out all the stops to to protect ourselves and offer you the best possible user experience. For this reason, we use Google reCAPTCHA from Google. So we can be pretty sure that we remain a "bot-free" website. By using reCAPTCHA, data is transmitted to Google to determine whether you are really a human being. reCAPTCHA is therefore used to ensure the security of our website and, by extension, your security. For example, without reCAPTCHA, it could happen that a bot registers as many e-mail addresses as possible during a registration e-mail addresses in order to "spam" forums or blogs with unwanted advertising content. With reCAPTCHA, we can avoid such bot attacks.

What data is stored by reCAPTCHA?

reCAPTCHA collects personal data from users in order to determine whether the actions on our website actually originate from people. It can therefore send the IP address and other data, that Google requires for the reCAPTCHA service may be sent to Google. IP addresses are almost always shortened beforehand within the member states of the EU or other signatory states to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. European Economic Area are almost always shortened before the data ends up on a server in the USA. The IP address will not be combined with other data from Google unless you have are logged in with your Google account while using reCAPTCHA. First, the reCAPTCHA algorithm checks whether Google cookies from other Google services (YouTube. Gmail, etc.) are already present on your browser. (YouTube, Gmail, etc.) are already placed on your browser. Then, reCAPTCHA places an additional cookie on your browser and captures a snapshot of your browser window.

The following list of collected browser and user data, does not claim to be exhaustive. Rather, they are examples of data that, to our knowledge, are processed by Google. processed by Google.

  • Referrer URL (the address of the page from which the visitor came)
  • IP address (e.g. 256.123.123.1)
  • Info about the operating system (the software that enables your computer to operate. Known operating systems are Windows, Mac OS X or Linux)
  • Cookies (small text files that store data in your browser)
  • Mouse and keyboard behaviour (every action you perform with the mouse or keyboard is stored)
  • Date and language settings (which language or date you have preset on your PC will be saved)
  • All JavaScript objects (JavaScript is a programming language that allows websites to adapt to the user. JavaScript objects can collect all kinds of data under one name)
  • Screen resolution (indicates how many pixels the image display consists of)

It is undisputed that Google uses and analyses this data even before you click on the "I am not a robot" checkbox. With the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, even the In the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, you don't even have to tick the box and the whole recognition process runs in the background. Google does not tell you in detail exactly how much and which data it stores.

The following cookies are used by reCAPTCHA: Here we refer to the reCAPTCHA demo version from Google at. https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api2/demo. All these cookies require a unique identifier a unique identifier. Here is a list of cookies that Google reCAPTCHA has set on the demo version:

Name: IDE
Value: WqTUmlnmv_qXyi_DGNPLESKnRNrpgXoy1K-pAZtAkMbHI-311257055-8
Purpose: This cookie is set by the company DoubleClick (also owned by Google) to record and report a user's actions on the website in dealing with advertisements. and to report them. This allows advertising effectiveness to be measured and appropriate optimisation measures to be taken. IDE is stored in browsers under the domain doubleclick.net. stored.
Expiration date: after one year.

Name: 1P_JAR
Wert: 2019-5-14-12
Purpose: This cookie collects statistics on website usage and measures conversions. A conversion occurs, for example, when a user becomes a buyer. The cookie is also used to display relevant advertisements to users. Furthermore, the cookie can be used to prevent a user from seeing the same ad more than once. Expiration date: after one month

Name: ANID
Value: U7j1v3dZa3112570550xgZFmiqWppRWKOr
Purpose: We could not find out much information about this cookie. In Google's privacy policy, the cookie is mentioned in connection with "advertising cookies". "advertising cookies" such as "DSID", "FLC", "AID", "TAID". ANID is stored under domain google.com.
Expiration date: after 9 months.

Name: CONSENT
Value: YES+AT.en+20150628-20-0
Purpose: The cookie stores the status of a user's consent to use different services from Google. CONSENT is also used for security purposes, to verify user users, prevent credential fraud and protect user data from unauthorised attacks.
Expiration date: after 19 years.

Name: NID
Value: 0WmuWqy311257055zILzqV_nmt3sDXwPeM5Q
Purpose: NID is used by Google to customise advertisements to your Google search. With the help of the cookie, Google "remembers" your most frequently typed search queries or your previous interaction with ads. This way you will always get tailored ads. The cookie contains a unique ID to collect the user's personal preferences for advertising purposes. for advertising purposes.
Expiration date: after 6 months.

Name: DV
Value: gEAABBCjJMXcI0dSAAAANbqc311257055-4
Purpose: Once you have ticked the "I am not a robot" box, this cookie is set. The cookie is used by Google Analytics for personalised personalised advertising. DV collects information in anonymous form and is further used to make user distinctions.
. Expiration date: after 10 minutes.

Note: This list cannot claim to be exhaustive, as Google's experience has shown that they change their choice of cookies every now and then.

How long and where will the data be stored?

By inserting reCAPTCHA, data is transferred from you to the Google server. Where exactly this data is stored is not made clear by Google, even after repeated requests. clearly. Without having received confirmation from Google, it can be assumed that data such as mouse interaction, time spent on the website or language settings are stored on the European or American Google servers. The IP address that your browser transmits to Google will not be merged with other Google data from other Google services. Google services. However, if you are logged into your Google account while using the reCAPTCHA plug-in, the data will be merged.  The deviating data protection provisions of Google apply.

How can I delete my data or prevent the data storage?

If you do not want any data about you and your behaviour to be transmitted to Google, you must log out of Google completely before visiting our website or using the reCAPTCHA software. Google and delete all Google cookies before you visit our website or use the reCAPTCHA software. In principle, the data is automatically transmitted to Google as soon as you visit our website. To delete this data again you will need to contact Google support at  https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=311257055.

So by using our website, you consent to the automatic collection, processing and use of data by Google LLC and its agents.

You can learn a little more about reCAPTCHA on Google's web developer page at. https://developers.google.com/recaptcha/. Although Google is referring here to the technical development of reCAPTCHA in more detail, but exact information about data storage and data protection-relevant topics is also searched for in vain there. A good overview of the basic use of data at Google can be found in the company's own data protection declaration at https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.

Source: Created with the Data Protection Generator by AdSimple in cooperation with fashiongott.co.uk