Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Assn. Germany e. V.

+49 (0) 271 - 382352 · info@kungfu-tradition.de

For over 30 years the club for traditional Kung Fu, Taijiquan, Lion Dance, Dragon Dance, Self-defence and Qigong in Siegen, Germany.

Kung Fu

The Zhou Jia Quan Training

Master Seet Chor Thong
Master Seet Chor Thong

The training programs of the Zhou Jia Quan Wushu offer an inexhaustible potential on activities. Beside breathing techniques, exercises, stamina training, self-defense, free sparring and historical subject matters, special emphases are placed on classical hand and weapon forms. The contents of these forms (Jap. kata, Chin. quanfa) are mainly self-defense techniques, which are based on techniques of the five animals. That is archetypal of this martial art. Every single one of these animal techniques marks the defensive as well as the offensive action of an animal. Each representing animal symbolizes it's own capability. The tiger is for power, the dragon for mental capability, the leopard for swiftness, the crane for flexibility and the snake for internal power. The Japanese Karate also applies these animal techniques, but not in this multitude and intensity as Chinese Wushu does.

In the first phase of training, the students learn at least five Zhou Jia Quan forms. Depending on individual talent and aptitude, the course last between four to five years and complemented with a final examination leading to black belt. Beginning with the basic forms the following forms would be complexer and more demanding. Through intensive and hard training with the forms, the students learn to improve their techniques and to adjust themselves to situation when countering opponents during sparring sessions. The vast range of methods allows a student to choose the one that suits best his preference, his possibility and requirement.

An almost 'subordinate aspect' of this form of training is that certain characteristics like suppleness, perserverance, reaction speed, stamina, perceptibilty are pronounced improved and aggression gradually reduced. Another important aspect is the conduct that a Zhou Jia student learns during this phase of training. This conduct makes it possible to create a close and familiar relationship amongst the students during training and also serves as guideline for the daily life outside the school.

No aggressive behaviour against our fellow-men!


The Zhou Jia Quan History

The Traditional Chinese Wushu that the Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association practices and promotes is called ‘Zhong Wai Zhou Jia.‘ At the time of its inception, the particular style of Wushu was labelled because the essential technic incorporated with the muscular and mighty movements of Hong Jia Wushu, the swift footwork of Cai Jia Wushu, making it a very effective form of self-defence with emphasis on simultaneous attack and defence.

The origin of Zhou Jia Wushu system, started with Grand Master Zhou Long, who is of Sha Fu dialect and born in 1891, Guangdong Province, Xinhui Village, China. With his creative thinking, he had contributed to Zhou Jia Wushu’s emergence in the 1920‘s. That was a dominant force for nearly half a century in Guangdong Province.

Master Zhou
                            Long
Master Zhou Long

Grand Master Zhou Long came from a big family of ten. He was the fifth child and eldest son in the family, with four younger brothers. The sixth Zhou Xie, the eigth and ninth are twins, Zhou Biao and Zhou Hai, the last was Zhou Tian. Young Zhou Long had great interest in Wushu. Therefore, he tried to absorb all he could learn from his from his uncle Zhou Geng (Zhou Hong) who practised Shaolin Hong Quan Wushu and he ended up being the best among the brothers. Furthermore, Zhou Long went round the village asking and learning from other ‘Hong ‘ style practitioners and therefore learnt and understood more ‘Hong‘ style wushu.

One day, while Zhou Long was practising in front yard of his home, an old man who was passing by, noticed him and stopped to ask how long he had been practising wushu. After some conversation, the old man said he would like to teach Zhou Long his kind of wushu. Zhou Long consulted his father and the old man was introduced. Surprisingly this old man, Master Cai Jiu Yi was a wushu expert in ‘Cai Jia Quan.‘ With permission from his father, Zhou Long was allowed to study and learn Cai Jia Wushu under Master Cai Jiu Yi. Having some basic knowledge of Hong Jia Wushu, it took Zhou Long only a few years to master the Cai Jia Wushu.

In the year 1910, because of family hardship, he left home for Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia to seek employment. Coincidentally, Zhou Long met an Abbot, Reverend Hong Yi who took Zhou Long as his disciple to study his Bei Pai Wushu ( a style practised by the people in the northern part of China, specialised in kicking, jumping and fast leg movements ). Reverend Hong Yi advised Zhou Long to blend all the three styles together in order to perfect a style to suit himself better.

In the year 1915, Zhou Long returned to China, participated in a tournament and won. He was then appointed Chief Instructor of the army of Warlord General He Fu Qiao. Zhou Long sent for his brothers to assist him in the training of the soldiers. In 1917, Grand Master Zhou Long set up his first school at his hometown ( Xinhui ) and named it ‘Zhou Ren Yi Tang’. Together with the help of his brothers, Grand Master Zhou Long pooled all their learnings together and a new form of wushu was born. As the surname of the five brothers are ‘Zhou’, they decided to name this new style of wushu ‘Zhou Jia Quan’ (Zhou Family Style of Wushu).

Not forgetting his root and the Masters that had taught him wushu, Grand Master Zhou Long often told all his students that his form of wushu was ‘ Hong Tou Cai Wei’ ( Hong Head and Cai Tail ), Hong Style first and then followed by Cai Style, but of equal terms.

With countless effort and united spirit in spreading this new style of wushu, popularity grew. The five brothers were honoured and labelled as the ‘Five Tigers of Zhou Jia’. Just as Grand Master Zhou Long was at the peak of his career, he caught a cold and fell ill. Thinking that he was strong and healthy, he paid no attention to his illness. Coupled with pressure from his work, Grand Master Zhou Long’s health deteriorated rapidly. In fact, he contacted pneumonia. Grand Master Zhou Long was beyond medical help and passed away at the age of 28, in 1919.

Master Zhou
                            Biao
Master Zhou Biao

After the death of Grand Master Zhou Long, the Wushu School was in disarray. A family meeting was called and Grand Master Zhou Biao was elected as the new leader. Grand Master Zhou Biao resigned his post from the army and started promoting Zhou Jia Wushu. Within a year, he set up fourteen Zhou Jia Wushu schools around China.

In 1936, the Zhou Jia Wushu School was invited to Hong Kong to particpate in the Coronation of King George VI of England. With this great opportunity to promote Zhou Jia Wushu, Grand Master Zhou Biao led a team of friends and students to Hong Kong. The demonstration was well received and it was a big success. A school was then set up in Kowloon, Hong Kong, to promote Zhou Jia Wushu. Grand Master Zhou Biao was also invited by the Garment and Medical Merchant Association to be their Wushu Instructor during his stay in Hong Kong.

In the same year, Grand Master Zhou Biao renamed the school in Hong Kong to ‘Zhong Wai Zhou Jia’ ( meaning Outside China Zhou School ). As it was the first school to be set up outside China, Grand Master Zhou Biao preferred to differentiate the origin.

Grand Master Zhou Biao returned to China at the time when this was facing the beginning of the Second World War and the rise of the Communist Party. After much consideration and planning, the Zhou family migrated to Hong Kong in 1949.

In Hong Kong, Grand Master Zhou Biao rented a place near the harbour and was engaged by the Fishery Port Association to be their Chief Instructor. He taught all it’s members, comprising of the fellow fishermen and workers. At the same time Grand Master Zhou Tian also set up a school at the busy Huang Da Xian District, Hong Kong.

During this period Zhou Jia Wushu was then modified to practical self-defence and body conditioning with a wide new range of hand and weapon forms. It was then taught to the students and together with the traditional Lion Dance.

On 14th March 1961, Grand Master Zhou Biao passed away after a short illness.

Although Zhong Wai Zhou Jia Wushu has only a short history, the number of students practising this form of wushu is innumerable. Today there are many schools and associations in China, Hong Kong, South East Asia, Australia, America and in Europe promoting and spreading the Zhong Wai Zhou Jia Wushu.


The Zhou Jia Quan Style

Zhou Jia Quan refers to the martial arts style of the Zhou family and is also described as ‘‘Hong Tou Cai Wei‘‘. Which means: ‘‘Hong‘‘ ...beeing the heading, ‘‘Cai‘‘ ...as the ending.

Master Zhou Long learnt the Hong Jia Quan from his uncle Zhou Hong, the Cai Jia Quan from Master Cai Jiu Yi and the Bei Pai Shaolin Quan from the buddhist monk Reverend Hong Yi.

He combined all three systems and developed the Zhou Jia Wushu.


The Zhou Jia Quan Masters

  • Master Zhou Long
    Master Zhou Long (1890 - 1919)
    Developed and founded the Zhou Jia Quan System.
  • Master Zhou Biao
    Master Zhou Biao (1899 - 1961)
    Popularized the Zhou Jia Quan System after the death of Zhou Long.
  • Master Mai Zhi
    Master Mai Zhi (1908 - 1978)
    Student of Zhou Biao.
    Popularized the Zhou Jia Quan System in Singapore.
  • Master Zhou Jinbo
    Master Zhou Jinbo (1925 - 2001)
    Student of Zhou Biao.
    Took charge of the Ying Yong Tang School in Jiujiang, which was established by Zhou Biao as his own school.
  • Master Lim Chin Kim
    Master Lim Chin Kim (born 1941)
    Youngest student of Mai Zhi.
    Founder of the ‘‘Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association’’ in Singapore.
  • Master Seet Chor
                              Thong
    Master Seet Chor Thong (born 1954)
    Brought the Zhou Jia Quan System to Germany in 1974.
    Presently in charge of the ‘‘Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V.’’ in Siegen, Germany.

The Zhou Jia Quan family-tree

This family-tree is completed to the best of our knowledge.

Should we have not included anyone, please contact us!

Lion Dance

The Lion Dance Training

Chinese Lion
Chinese Lion

The style of lion dance that the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V. practises is referred to as He Shan lion (Heshan Shi). This form of folk art was started long time ago during the period when eight countries were battling in China to gain power. After the war the Chinese created this lion dance as a sign of victory over their enemies. It is therefore also known as ''Shengli Shi''or the victory lion.

Under the lion costume there are two dancers. One dancer under the head operates the eyes, the ears and the mouth. This head is made of bamboo mesh and paper. Under the body of the lion, which is made of cloth, the other dancer performs the back and tail function. The head and the body of the lion are joined by strings. Every movement of the lion has a meaning. Kung Fu schools apply step patterns and drumming rhythm to demonstrate the different expressions of the lion. The lion dance team includes musicians to perform the drum, the gong and the cymbals.

The acrobatic movements required for the lion to reach the holy green demand a very high degree of body control and co-ordination on both partners. This can only be accomplished through hard and intensive training. Before the dancers practise under the lion costume one has to practise the basic movements and acrobatic jumps of the lion. Therefore a solid foundation in traditional kung fu is required to practise the lion dance.

Master Choo Chuan Chew and Dennis Seet
Master Choo Chuan Chew and Dennis Seet

The laughing big head Buddha (Da Tou Fo) is also a very demanding role to play. The person playing it must be very athletic and perform movements like an acrobat by doing jumps and various Kung-Fu moves. The player must wear a mask which is usually painted pink (white for a female) over his head. He must also wear a robe and carry a fan which is made up of a palm leaf.

There are three different instruments in the traditional lion dance namely the drum, the cymbals and the gong. They support the lion's movements and emotions and therefore must be practised very precisely in extra lessons.

The lion dance team of the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V. practises the lion dance since 1991 and is one of the oldest teams in Europe. It is under the guidance of the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association which is very famous for its dragon and lion dance in Southeast Asia. Chief Instructor for lion dance at the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association is Master Yu Tuck Seng. He has lead his teams to numerous prizes on national tournaments and is an acknowledged expert for traditional lion dance. Hence he was also invited to teach overseas lion dance teams many times.

Master Choo Chuan Chew, a student of Master Yu Tuck Seng, is instructor for dragon and lion dance at Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association. Besides that he is also responsible for coaching and advising the overseas branches, so as for the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V. in Siegen.


The Lion Dance History

Lion Dance in Singapore
Lion Dance in Singapore

The lion dance is a folk art steeped in the tradition of the Chinese people. The origin of this form of expression of the Chinese culture is rather old, that the track is lost in the darkness of history. One legend traces back to the Tang dynasty (618-906 AD). Legend has it that the emperor had a dream one night in which a strange looking animal saved his life. The next morning the emperor described the dream to his ministers. One minister told the emperor that the strange animal resembled a creature from the West, a lion. Since the strange animal saved the emperor in his dream the lion quickly became a symbol of good luck throughout China. It was believed that a dancing lion chases away evil spirits. Even today the myth that the lion brings luck and symbolises might still remains.

Lion dances can be broadly categorised into two styles, Northern and Southern .Northern lion dance was used as entertainment for the imperial court. The northern lion is usually red, orange and yellow (sometimes with green fur for the female lion), shaggy in appearance, with a golden head. The northern dance is acrobatic and is mainly performed as entertainment.

Southern lion dance is more symbolic. It is usually performed as a ceremony to scare away evil spirits and to summon good luck and fortune. The southern lion distinguishes from the northern lion and his appearance is more abstract with different variations and different colours which all have a specific meaning. The southern lion head has large eyes, a mirror on the forehead, and a single horn at the centre of the head.

Canton is the homeland of the southern style which can be further divided into 5 substyles, namely Fo Shan/Fat San (Buddha Mountain), He Shan/Hok San (Crane Mountain), Fo He lion/Fat Hok (a hybrid of Fo San and He San), Zhou Jia (performed by practitioners of Zhou family style kung fu) and the so-called Green Lion (Qing Shi - popular with the Fukien/Hokkien and Taiwanese People).

While the Fo Shan lion looks very fierce and has a very long tail the He Shan lion looks more friendly and has a much shorter tail which allows him to perform much more acrobatic elements such as jumping on the tail's performer's legs or on benches.

Before a new lion can be used in practise or performance the lion must be brought to life. For this purpose a special ceremony ("opening the eyes of the lion") must be held in which a master of ceremony has to awake every part of the lion's body. After that the lion comes to life it has to perform a special routine.

Lion Dance in Singapore
Lion Dance in Singapore

The lion's main task in order to bring luck and wealth is an assignment which he has to execute. To begin, he would look out to the feed or the 'green' (in form of vegetable or oranges) and with playful and tentative steps, maneuvers slowly towards the goal. Here the lion would show his emotions like fear, fright, amazement, joy, sadness etc. After eating the 'green', he notices that it is sacred and would fall into a state of drunkenness or trance whereby he finally spits it out again. On his way to the 'green' the lion has to overcome many obstacles like poisonous animals (snake, centipede, scorpion) that block his way, word puzzles that the lion has to solve or other barriers like mountains (built with benches) or water that the lion has to overcome. The way the lion gets to the green shows the skill of the performers. But in doing so certain rules and routines must always be obeyed.

Another important aspect in southern lion dance is the laughing big head Buddha (Da Tou Fo). The buddha is a Chinese monk. He plays with and also teases the lion. He must lead the lion to the green, called the lion's qing, which the lion tries to catch and eat. This denotes good luck. The lion, depending on it's mood, will either play with, chase, bites, and/or kicks the buddha around.

Kung Fu or Wushu schools which cultivate and preserve this tradition perform the lion dance on great occasions like the Lunar New Year, opening ceremonies of business shops, weddings, state receptions, religious festivals and ceremonies etc. and is accepted by major cities around the world.


The Lion Dance family-tree

This family-tree is completed to the best of our knowledge.

Should we have not included anyone, please contact us!

DRAGON DANCE

The Dragon Dance Training

Chinese Dragon
Chinese Dragon

The dragon, a talisman in the Chinese mythology, is widely worshipped in Asia. In the western world it is often regarded as an evil and dangerous creature, but for the Chinese the dragon is just the contrary. In both cases the dragon symbolizes Supernatural and Power and especially the Chinese dragon stands for Might and Inner Strength. The dragon is regarded by many Asian authors, artists, craftsmen and the public as the King of Nature. For the past 1000 years the continuation and development of the dragon dance have followed a tortuous route.

The dragon dance is performed on Chinese New Year, grand business openings, taoistic festivals and on other ceremonial events. It brings luck, health and prosperity. The dragon is usually made of light wooden frames in segments and covered with cloth, mirrors and embroidery depicting the scales of the dragon. The head is made of bamboo frames and covered with layer of silk or cloth. It has a large mouth with a flexible lower jaw. The whole dragon is moved by kung fu students with the help of poles which are fixed on the segments.

The dragon dance shows the dragons effort to get the pearl of wisdom. The dragon chases the pearl which is also carried by a martial artist. Characteristic drum and cymbal music underlines and supports the choreography of the dance.

Taijiquan

The Taijiquan Training

Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan in the Chinese character can be translated as the 'Supreme Ultimate Force'. The notion of 'supreme ultimate' is often associated with the Chinese concept of Yin and Yang, the notion that one can see a dynamic duality in all things. 'Force' or here the character 'Chuan' refers to a school or method of combat and can be thought of here as the means or way of achieving this yin-yang, or 'supreme-ultimate' discipline.

Today, Tai Chi is also practiced in the west, although at the time of its development, Tai Chi, a potent art was dedicated only to a few families who kept this to themselves. Tai Chi Chuan, as it was originally conceived, contains movements from the martial arts. The method of fighting in the martial arts involves dynamic interacting forces. Neutralizing and countering an opponents force requires an interplay of energies. This is a true expression of Tai Chi.

For many practitioners, the focus in Tai Chi is the meditative exercise for the body and for physical health. For others, the martial aspects of Tai Chi are of considerable interest. Anyway, all of the major Tai Chi styles place great emphasis on the meaning of the movements through applications training.

In the Chinese philosophy and medicine there exists the concept of 'Chi', a vital force that animates the body. One aim of Tai Chi is to cultivate and nurture this chi circulation within the body. By doing so, the health and vitality of the person are enhanced as the patterns of this chi circulation is related to the nervous and vascular system and resemble that of the practice of acupuncture and other oriental healing arts.

Through the focused and precise execution of the exercises, one learns to acquire a calm and transquil mind. This can lead to a better understanding of the body balance, alignment and fine motor skills. Many medical practitioners therefore encourage the practice of Tai Chi Chuan as this is very beneficial to health, both, for the young and the young at heart.

Association

Association History

Master Seet Chor Thong
Master Seet Chor Thong

The Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V., also known as Nia Kwang Ying Yong Tang, is an official registered association that promotes Chinese culture and the traditional martial art Zhou Jia Quan kung fu. The headquarter is in Siegen, Germany with its roots going back to Singapore.

Master Lim Chin Kim from Singapore, a student from Grandmaster Mai Zhi, opened his first kung fu school in 1961. In 1964 it was officially named Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association. The disciplined and very tough lessons were conducted by Master Lim Chin Kim himself. Very soon the good quality of the training was appreciated by the people in Singapore and parents send their children to study kung fu. Shortly after that classes for traditional lion- and dragon dance were offered. Besides that the medical care for the students was also secured. Due to Master Lim Chin Kim's dedication, strong efforts and his personality the association became one of the most popular kung fu clubs in Singapore.

In 1974 Master Seet Chor Thong was sent from his native country Singapore to Germany to undergo a technical training. From his early youth on Master Seet Chor Thong was fascinated by Chinese kung fu and hence he studied under several Masters martial arts. During his school days he learned Judo. Together with his cousin he studied traditional Yang style Taiji Quan. Amongst others he studied the Khong Chang system under Master Tan Seng Lee. Three years later he learnt Shangdong Praying Mantis Kung Fu from Master Wong Kok Keong. From 1975 on he studies southern Zhou Jia Quan kung fu. In the beginning from Timothy Tay, later from Master Lim Chin Kim.

Kung Fu Flyer 1976
Kung Fu Flyer 1976

During his stay in Germany Master Seet Chor Thong taught several students the kung fu from his Master, Master Lim Chin Kim at a martial arts school in Hagen. At that time traditional kung fu was not very well known in Germany and Master Seet Chor Thong was one of the first persons to teach Chinese martial arts in Germany. The number of his students increased very fast so that a class in Cologne was opened in 1975. In 1977 Master Seet Chor Thong finished his technical training and went back to Singapore. One of his first students, Master Frank Greinacher continued the kung fu teaching in Germany. In 1980 Master Seet Chor Thong came back to Germany. Because of the rising popularity of the Zhou Jia Quan kung fu in Germany (in 1980 a school in Siegen was established, as well as in 1981in Dillenburg and Wetzlar) Master Seet Chor Thong decided to stay in Germany. Together with Master Yeo Lian Hock and Master Heng Keng Huat (both students from Master Lim Chin Kim as well) and Master Frank Greinacher, they founded the first Nia Kwang school in Gevelsberg. Additional schools were set up in 1983 in Witten and Siegen, in 1985 in Hasslinghausen and in 1992 in Bonn.

The Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V was officially established in 1983 in Siegen with Master Seet Chor Thong as chief instructor. With the blessing from his Master, Master Lim Chin Kim the kung fu school bestowed the additional honoured name Nia Kwang Ying Yong Tang (which means hall of courageous heroes) in 1990. Since that time Master Lim Chin Kim often travels to Germany to visit his students and teach the Zhou Jia Quan kung fu style to them. In return the German school regularly organises training trips to Singapore for the German students so that they can practice at the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association together with Master Lim Chin Kim.

Since 1990 the traditional southern Heshan style lion dance is part of the training at the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V in Siegen. The association belongs to the first who practice the traditional lion dance in Germany and was very successful at national and international competitions over the last 20 years. In the year 1996 a Taiji Quan class was formed where the authentic Yang style is taught. Since 2005 there is also a class for traditional dragon dance.


Members Of The Board

  • Meister Seet Chor Thong
    Master Seet Chor Thong
    Chairman / Founder & Advisor
  • Meister Yu Tuck Seng
    Master Yu Tuck Seng
    Technical Advisor
  • Sebastian Bäumer
    Sebastian Bäumer
    Vice Chairman
  • Prof. Dr. Andreas Frohn
    Prof. Dr. Andreas Frohn
    Manager
  • Iris Seet
    Iris Seet
    Treasurer
  • Dr. Wassilij Tscherleniak
    Dr. Wassilij Tscherleniak
    Association Physician

Instructor

  • Meister Seet Chor Thong
    Master Seet Chor Thong
    Founder & Advisor
  • Master Choo Chuan Chew
    Master Choo Chuan Chew
    Businessman
  • Torsten Wildemann
    Torsten Wildemann
    CAD-/ PDM Admin
  • Dennis Seet
    Dennis Seet
    Career Counselor
  • Julia Schander
    Julia Schander
    Student

Trial-Training

For the period of one week we offer you a trial-training of all activities. This is of course free of charge and without obligations. Go to the Training time-table.

Please come with comfortable sports wear and light gym shoes.

Regardless of age, everybody is welcome!


Membership Fees

Admission Fee

20

  • One-time admission fee
Employees

29/ per month

  • Adults with own income
Students

22/ per month

  • Pupils
  • Students
  • Trainees
Families

52/ per month


Time-Table

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
6 p.m. TAIJIQUAN
Beginner & advanced class
6 p.m. - 7 p.m.
8 p.m. KUNG FU
Beginner & advanced class
8 p.m. - 9.45 p.m.

History

In Remembrance of Master Zhou Jin Bo

Master Zhou at his school in Jiujiang
Master Zhou at his school
in Jiujiang

Zhou Jin Bo born in 1925, was brought up in Ma Yuan village, Xinhui city in Guangdong province. He lost his father while he was six years old. Two years later, he followed his mother to Jiangmen city. Here he learnt that a famous teacher, named Zhou Biao was operating a martial art school, the Zhou School Ren Yi Tang No. 9 branch. His love for martial art brought him to the school every evening to watch the others practice and to try to imitate their movements.
His actions didn’t remain unnoticed. Master Zhou Biao realized Zhou Jin Bo’s love for martial art and proposed to Zu Hua and Li Niu to accept Zhou Jin Bo as a student of the Zhou school. Just at the age of ten, he now formally became a disciple of Zhou Biao.

In 1939, due to poverty, Zhou Jin Bo together with his mother, was forced to leave Jiangmen city for Hong Kong. Five years later, they returned to Jiangmen city. Through a senior member of the Zhou school, he was recommended an apprentice job at a goldsmith shop. Coincidentally the owner was a council member of the Zhou school and from there onwards he could resume training under the shopkeeper’s tutorship.

1946 Zhou Biao arranged for Zhou Jin Bo to Xinhui county to set up schools in both the Jing Gen and the Heng Shang villages and to teach there.

1947 Zhou Biao again arranged for Zhou Jin Bo to Nanhai Jiujiang to re-open a Zhou school (the school was then named: Zhou Guan Ren Yi Tang – Jiujiang Ying Yong Tang). Fu Chao Guang was appointed to teach in Jiujiang until the liberation in 1949.
During those uncertain periods, Zhou Jin Bo went through many hardships struggling with different jobs to support the family.

1971 Zhou Jin Bo was posted to work in a distillery in Jiujiang. As work wasn’t too stressful in the day, the evening would be spent teaching martial art at a nearby field. The students returned and training resumed under Zhou Jin Bo. Later as the field was no more available for training, the group moved to Zhou Jin Bo’s home garden to continue their engagements.

Ying Yong Tang school hall
Ying Yong Tang school hall

In April 1997, upon the invitation of Master Chan Man Cheung (Chen Wan Xiang), a delegation from the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association led by Master Lim Chin Kim travelled to Hong Kong. During our stay in Hong Kong, Master Chan contacted Master Zhou Jin Bo in Jiujiang and an arrangement was made for the Singapore delegation to visit Master Zhou at his homeplace.

Arriving in Jiujiang, we were greeted with warm cordiality by the Jiujiang Shang Dong Amateur Physical Association. An exchange on martial art knowledge and the observation of the activities in Asia and in Europe dominated the main conversations. Master Zhou took the opportunity to introduce us the martial art that he practiced and also taught us in Zhou Jia Lion Dance.
Together with his students and other members of the school, Master Zhou spared no expense to make our stay in Jiujiang a memorable one. The hospitality extended to us was so fascinating that another trip to Jiujiang to visit Master Zhou was thereupon decided.

Group photo with members of Jiujiang Ying Yong Tang
Group photo with members of Jiujiang

The second trip to Jiujiang took place in February 1998. A group of five persons from the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany visited the Jiujiang Ying Yong Tang Zhou Guan School. This time round, Master Zhou, impressed by the enthusiasm of the German students, devotedly impart some Zhou Jia martial arts to them. We stayed in Jiujiang for a couple of days and Master Zhou taught us several hand forms and explained the applications of the different techniques of the Zhou Jia martial art.
During our stay in Jiujiang we were given the chance to learn to know Master Zhou better. His kindness and unbiased manner showed us what makes a person great. His generosity and selflessness impressed us most.
The friendship between the two schools has since deepened. An invitation to visit Germany extended to Master Zhou and his followers was promptly accepted.

Siegen Ying Yong Tang school
Siegen Ying Yong Tang school

May 25th, 2000 was an exciting day for us as we welcomed Master Zhou and his delegation at Frankfurt Airport. Accompanying him on this trip were his family members, as well as the town mayor of Jiujiang.
Though the journey from Guangdong to Europe was long and tiring, Master Zhou did not take too much time off to rest and commenced lessons to his German students to pursue the studies of the Zhou Jia martial art.

The stay in Germany was not mainly confined to martial art training. Home visits and a tour of Europe were integral part of the trip. Here we had much time to learn more about each other.
I recall one amusing incident when the troupe was touring Italy with a student from Siegen. Due to language barrier, ordering meals in an Italian restaurant wasn’t easy then. But this didn’t hampered his son, Zhou Bo Rong from calling me up to help order the meals in Italy through the phone.

Master Zhou and his delegation left Europe on June 11, 2000 and the farewell at the airport saw many wet eyes. The person left, but the spirit of the martial art remains. Most of all, the impressions of such a wonderful person.

Master Zhou Jin Bo passed away peacefully on Dec 08, 2001. The legacy he left behind is one of invaluable significance to the martial art world.
To date, the school still exists under the name of Jiujiang Shang Dong Amateur Physical Association.

Author: Seet Chor Thong

 

 

 

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Kolping Straße 35
57072 Siegen
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Anfahrt Trainingszentrum Kung Fu Anfahrt Trainingszentrum Kung Fu Anfahrt Trainingszentrum Kung Fu

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Am Hengsberg 20
57080 Siegen
Germany



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Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilisitic Association Germany e. V.

Birkenweg 9
57080 Siegen
Germany
+49 (0) 271 - 382352
info@kungfu-tradition.de

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Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e. V.
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Liability for Contents

As service providers, we are liable for own contents of these websites according to Sec. 7, paragraph 1 German Telemedia Act (TMG). However, according to Sec. 8 to 10 German Telemedia Act (TMG), service providers are not obligated to permanently monitor submitted or stored information or to search for evidences that indicate illegal activities.

Legal obligations to removing information or to blocking the use of information remain unchallenged. In this case, liability is only possible at the time of knowledge about a specific violation of law. Illegal contents will be removed immediately at the time we get knowledge of them.

Liability for Links

Our offer includes links to external third party websites. We have no influence on the contents of those websites, therefore we cannot guarantee for those contents. Providers or administrators of linked websites are always responsible for their own contents.

The linked websites had been checked for possible violations of law at the time of the establishment of the link. Illegal contents were not detected at the time of the linking. A permanent monitoring of the contents of linked websites cannot be imposed without reasonable indications that there has been a violation of law. Illegal links will be removed immediately at the time we get knowledge of them.

Copyright

Contents and compilations published on these websites by the providers are subject to German copyright laws. Reproduction, editing, distribution as well as the use of any kind outside the scope of the copyright law require a written permission of the author or originator. Downloads and copies of these websites are permitted for private use only.
The commercial use of our contents without permission of the originator is prohibited.

Copyright laws of third parties are respected as long as the contents on these websites do not originate from the provider. Contributions of third parties on this site are indicated as such. However, if you notice any violations of copyright law, please inform us. Such contents will be removed immediately.

 

Privacy statement

Data protection

We have drafted this privacy statement (version 01.02.2021-311257055) in order to provide you with information in accordance with the requirements of the Primary Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679. to explain what information we collect, how we use data and what choices you have as a visitor to this website.

Unfortunately, by their very nature, these explanations sound very technical, but we have tried to describe the most important things as simply and clearly as possible. as possible.

Automatic data storage

When you visit websites these days, certain information is automatically created and stored, and this website is no exception.

When you visit our website, as you are doing right now, our web server (computer on which this website is stored) automatically stores data such as

  • the address (URL) of the web page you are visiting
  • browser and browser version
  • the operating system used
  • the address (URL) of the previously visited page (referrer URL)
  • the host name and IP address of the device from which access is made
  • date and time

in files (web server log files).

As a rule, web server log files are stored for a fortnight and then automatically deleted. We do not pass on this data, but cannot exclude the possibility that this data may be used in the event of illegal behaviour. data may be viewed in the event of unlawful behaviour.

Cookies

Our website uses HTTP cookies to store user-specific data
. Below we explain what cookies are and why they are used so that you can better understand the following privacy policy.

What exactly are cookies?

Whenever you browse the internet, you use a browser. Popular browsers include Chrome, Safari, Firefox, Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge. Most websites store small text files in your browser. These files are called cookies.

One thing cannot be denied: Cookies are really useful little helpers. Almost all websites use cookies. To be more precise, they are HTTP cookies, as there are also other cookies for other applications. HTTP cookies are small files that are stored on your computer by our website. These cookie files are automatically in the cookie folder, which is the "brain" of your browser. A cookie consists of a name and a value. When defining a cookie, one or more additional attributes must also be specified.

Cookies store certain user data about you, such as language or personal page settings. When you return to our site, your browser transmits the "user-related" information to our site. "user-related" information back to our site. Thanks to the cookies, our website knows who you are and offers you your usual default setting. In some browsers each cookie has its own file, in others, such as Firefox, all cookies are stored in a single file.

There are both first-party cookies and third-party cookies. First-party cookies are created directly by our site, third-party cookies are created by partner websites (e.g. Google Analytics). Google Analytics). Each cookie is to be evaluated individually, as each cookie stores different data. The expiry time of a cookie also varies from a few minutes to Cookies are not software programs and do not contain viruses, Trojans or other "pests". Cookies also cannot access information on your PC.

This is what cookie data can look like, for example:

  • Name: _ga
  • Duration: 2 years
  • Use: distinguishing website visitors
  • Beispielhafter Wert: GA1.2.1326744211.152311257055

A browser should support the following minimum sizes:

  • A cookie should be able to contain at least 4096 bytes
  • A minimum of 50 cookies should be stored per domain
  • A total of at least 3000 cookies should be able to be stored

What are the different types of cookies?

The question of which cookies we use in particular depends on the services used and is clarified in the following sections of the privacy policy. At this point we would like to briefly discuss the different types of HTTP cookies.

There are 4 types of cookies:

Unconditionally necessary cookies
These cookies are necessary to ensure basic functions of the website. For example, these cookies are needed when a user places a product in the shopping basket, then continues surfing on other pages and only goes to the checkout later. These cookies do not delete the shopping cart, even if the user closes his browser window. browser window.

Functional cookies
These cookies collect information about user behaviour and whether the user receives any error messages. In addition, these cookies are also used to The loading time and the behaviour of the website with different browsers are also measured with the help of these cookies.

Target-oriented cookies
These cookies ensure a better user experience. For example, locations entered, font sizes or form data are saved. stored.

Advertising cookies
These cookies are also called targeting cookies. They are used to deliver individually adapted advertising to the user. This can be very practical, but but also very annoying.

Usually, when you visit a website for the first time, you are asked which of these cookie types you want to allow. And of course this decision is also stored in a cookie. stored.

How can I delete cookies?

You decide how and whether you want to use cookies. Regardless of which service or website the cookies originate from, you always have the option to delete, only partially allow or deactivate cookies. delete, only partially allow or disable cookies. For example, you can block third-party cookies but allow all other cookies.

If you want to find out which cookies have been stored in your browser, if you want to change or delete cookie settings, you can do this in your browser settings find:

Chrome: Delete, enable and manage cookies in Chrome

Safari: Managing cookies and website data with Safari

Firefox: Delete cookies to remove data that websites have placed on your computer

Internet Explorer: deleting and managing cookies

Microsoft Edge: Deleting and managing cookies

If you generally don't want cookies, you can set your browser to notify you whenever a cookie is about to be set. In this way, you can decide for each individual cookie, you can decide whether or not to allow the cookie. The procedure varies depending on the browser. The best thing to do is to search for the instructions in Google with the search term Search term "Delete Cookies Chrome" or "Disable Cookies Chrome" in the case of a Chrome browser or replace the word "Chrome" with the name of your browser, e.g. Edge, Firefox, Safari.

What about my privacy?

The so-called "Cookie Guidelines" have been in place since 2009. These state that storing cookies requires your consent. Within the EU countries, however, there are reactions to these directives vary widely. In Germany, the Cookie Directives have not been implemented as national law. Instead, the implementation of Instead, this directive was largely implemented in Section 15 (3) of the German Telemedia Act (TMG).

If you would like to know more about cookies and are not afraid of technical documentation, we recommend https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments called "HTTP State Management Mechanism".

Storage of personal data

Personal data that you submit to us electronically on this website, such as your name, email address, address or other personal details in the context of submitting a form or comments on the blog, together with the time and IP address, will only be used by us for the stated purpose, kept secure and not passed on to third parties. third parties.

We therefore only use your personal data to communicate with those visitors who expressly wish to be contacted and to process the services and products offered on this website. services and products offered on this website. We do not pass on your personal data without your consent, but we cannot rule out the possibility that this data may be accessed in the event of unlawful conduct. be viewed.

If you send us personal data by e-mail - thus away from this website - we cannot guarantee secure transmission and protection of your data. We recommend that you, never send confidential data unencrypted by e-mail.

The legal basis exists according to Article 6  paragraph 1 a DSGVO (lawfulness of processing) in that you give us consent to process the data you have entered. You can revoke this consent at any time - an informal e-mail is sufficient, you will find our contact details in the imprint.

Rights under the General Data Protection Regulation

You are generally entitled to the following rights according to the provisions of the GDPR:

  • Right of rectification (Article 16 GDPR)
  • Right to erasure ("right to be forgotten") (Article 17 GDPR)
  • Right to restriction of processing (Article 18 GDPR)
  • Right to be notified - Obligation to notify in connection with the rectification or erasure of personal data or the restriction of processing (Article 19 GDPR)
  • Right to data portability (Article 20 GDPR)
  • Right to object (Article 21 GDPR)
  • Right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing - including profiling (Article 22 GDPR)

If you believe that the processing of your data violates data protection law or that your data protection rights have otherwise been infringed in any way, you can contact contact the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (BfDI).

Analysis of visitor behaviour

In the following data protection declaration, we inform you whether and how we evaluate data from your visit to this website. The evaluation of the collected data is generally carried out anonymous and we cannot draw any conclusions about your person from your behaviour on this website.

You can find out more about ways to object to this analysis of your visit data in the following data protection declaration.

TLS encryption with https

We use https to transmit data securely over the Internet (data protection through technical design). Article 25(1) DSGVO). Through the By using TLS (Transport Layer Security), an encryption protocol for secure data transmission on the Internet, we can ensure the protection of confidential data. You can recognise the use of this data transmission security by the small lock symbol at the top left of the browser and the use of the https scheme (instead of http) as part of our Internet address.

Google Maps Privacy Policy

We use Google Maps from Google Inc. on our website. Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services in Europe. responsible for all Google services. Google Maps enables us to better show you locations and thus adapt our service to your needs. Through the use of Google Maps, data is data is transferred to Google and stored on Google servers. Here we would like to go into more detail about what Google Maps is, why we use this Google service, what data is stored and how you can prevent this. data is stored and how you can prevent this.

What is Google Maps?

Google Maps is an internet mapping service provided by Google. With Google Maps, you can search online via a PC, tablet or app for exact locations of cities, places of interest, accommodation or businesses online using a PC, tablet or app. If companies are represented on Google My Business, further information about the company is displayed in addition to the location. To show the To show how to get there, map sections of a location can be integrated into a website using HTML code. Google Maps shows the surface of the earth as a street map or as an aerial or satellite image. aerial or satellite image. Thanks to the Street View images and the high-quality satellite images, very accurate representations are possible.

Why do we use Google Maps on our website?

All our efforts on this site are aimed at providing you with a useful and meaningful time on our website. By integrating Google Maps, we are able to provide you with the most provide you with the most important information on various locations. You can see at a glance where we are located. The directions always show you the best or fastest way to reach us. to us. You can call up the directions for routes by car, public transport, on foot or by bicycle. For us, the provision of Google Maps is part of our customer service.

What data is stored by Google Maps?

In order for Google Maps to fully provide their service, the company needs to collect and store data from you. This includes, among other things, the search terms you enter, your IP address and also the latitude and longitude coordinates. If you use the route planner function, the starting address you entered is also stored. However, this data storage takes place on the web pages of Google Maps. We can only inform you about this, but cannot influence it. Since we have integrated Google Maps into our website, Google sets at least one cookie (name: NID) in your browser. This cookie stores data about your user behaviour. Google uses this data primarily to optimise its own services and to provide you with individual, personalised advertising, personalised advertising for you.

The following cookie is set in your browser due to the integration of Google Maps:

Name: NID
. Wert: 188=h26c1Ktha7fCQTx8rXgLyATyITJ311257055-5
Purpose: NID is used by Google to customise advertisements to your Google searches. With the help of the cookie, Google "remembers" your most frequently search queries or your previous interaction with ads. This way you will always get tailored ads. The cookie contains a unique ID that Google uses to collect your personal preferences for advertising purposes.
Expiration date: after 6 months.

Note: We cannot guarantee completeness in the details of the stored data. Especially when using cookies, changes can never be ruled out. never be excluded. In order to identify the cookie NID, a separate test page was created where only Google Maps was integrated.

How long and where are the data stored?

Google servers are located in data centres around the world. However, most servers are located in America. For this reason, your data is increasingly stored in the USA. USA. You can find out exactly where Google's data centres are located here: https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/?hl=de

Google distributes the data on different data carriers. This means that the data can be accessed more quickly and is better protected against any attempts at manipulation. Each data centre also has also have special emergency programmes. If, for example, there are problems with Google's hardware or a natural disaster paralyses the servers, the data will still be protected. protected.

Google stores some data for a set period of time. For other data, Google only offers the option of deleting it manually. The company also anonymises information information (such as advertising data) in server logs by deleting part of the IP address and cookie information after 9 and 18 months respectively.

How can I delete my data or prevent data storage?

With the automatic deletion of location and activity data introduced in 2019, location and web/app activity information will be stored - depending on your decision - for either stored for either 3 or 18 months and then deleted. In addition, you can also manually delete this data from your history at any time via your Google Account. If you want to completely completely, you must pause the "Web and App Activity" section in your Google Account. Click "Data and personalisation" and then on the option "Activity setting". Here you can switch the activities on or off.

In your browser, you can also deactivate, delete or manage individual cookies. Depending on which browser you use, this always works slightly differently. The following instructions show how to manage cookies in your browser:

Chrome: Delete, activate and manage cookies in Chrome

Safari: Managing cookies and website data with Safari

Firefox: clear cookies to remove data that websites have placed on your computer

Internet Explorer: deleting and managing cookies

Microsoft Edge: deleting and managing cookies

If you generally don't want cookies, you can set your browser to notify you whenever a cookie is about to be set. In this way, you can decide for each individual cookie whether you allow it or not.

Google is an active participant in the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework, which governs the accurate and secure transfer of personal data. More information can be found at https://www.privacyshield.gov/participant?id=a2zt000000001L5AAI. If you want to learn more about Google's data processing, we recommend you read the company's in-house privacy policy at. https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=de.

Google Fonts privacy policy

We use Google Fonts on our website. These are the "Google Fonts" of the company Google Inc. For the European area, the company Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services.

You do not have to log in or enter a password to use Google fonts. Furthermore, no cookies are stored in your browser. The files (CSS, fonts) are requested via the Google domains fonts.googleapis.com and fonts.gstatic.com. According to Google, the requests for CSS and fonts are completely separate from all other other Google services. If you have a Google account, you do not need to worry about your Google account information being transmitted to Google while using Google Fonts. Google records the use of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and the fonts used and stores this data securely. We will take a closer look at exactly how this data is stored. in detail.

What are Google Fonts?

Google Fonts (formerly Google Web Fonts) is a directory of over 800 fonts that Google makes available to its users free of charge. free of charge.

Many of these fonts are released under the SIL Open Font License while others are released under the Apache License . Both are free software licences.

Why do we use Google Fonts on our website?

Google Fonts allows us to use fonts on our own website, but we don't have to upload them to our own server. Google Fonts is an important part of keeping the quality of our website high. quality of our website. All Google Fonts are automatically optimised for the web and this saves data volume and is a great advantage especially for the use with mobile devices. a great advantage. When you visit our site, the low file size ensures a fast loading time. Furthermore, Google Fonts are secure web fonts. Different image synthesis systems (rendering) in different browsers, operating systems and mobile devices can lead to errors. Such errors can sometimes distort the appearance of texts or visually distorted. Thanks to the fast Content Delivery Network (CDN), there are no cross-platform problems with Google Fonts. Google Fonts supports all common browsers (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera) and works reliably on most modern mobile operating systems, including Android 2.2+ and iOS 4.2+ (iPhone, iPad, iPod). So we use Google Fonts so that we can present our entire online service as beautifully and consistently as possible.

What data is stored by Google?

When you visit our website, the fonts are reloaded via a Google server. This external call-up transmits data to the Google servers. In this way Google also recognises that you or your IP address are visiting our website. The Google Fonts API was developed to reduce the use, storage and collection of end-user data to what is necessary for the proper provision of fonts. By the way, API stands for "Application Programming Interface" and serves, among other things, as a data transmitter in the software sector.

Google Fonts stores CSS and font requests securely at Google and is therefore protected. are well received. Google publishes the results on internal analysis pages, such as Google Analytics. In addition, Google also uses data from its own web crawler to determine which websites are using Google fonts. This data is published in the Google Fonts BigQuery database. Entrepreneurs and developers use the Google web service BigQuery to be able to examine and move large amounts of data.

It is important to remember, however, that each Google Font request also sends information such as language settings, IP address, browser version, browser screen resolution and browser name automatically to the Google Web Service. browser name are automatically transmitted to the Google servers. Whether this data is also stored cannot be clearly determined or is not clearly communicated by Google.

How long and where is the data stored?

Google stores requests for CSS assets for one day on its servers, which are mainly located outside the EU. This allows us, with the help of a Google stylesheet, to use the to use the fonts. A stylesheet is a format template that can be used to easily and quickly change the design or font of a website, for example.

The font files are stored by Google for one year. Google's aim is to fundamentally improve the loading time of websites. If millions of web pages refer to the same fonts, they are cached after the first visit and immediately reappear on all other websites visited later. Sometimes Google updates font files to reduce file size, increase language coverage and improve design.

How can I delete or prevent my data from being stored?

The data that Google stores for a day or a year cannot simply be deleted. The data is automatically transmitted to Google when the page is accessed. To delete this data you will need to contact Google support at https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=311257055. You can only prevent data storage in this case if you do not visit our site.

Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unlimited access to all fonts. We can therefore access an unlimited sea of fonts and thus get the most out of our website. for our website. You can find out more about Google Fonts and other issues at. https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=311257055. There, Google does go into privacy-related matters, but really detailed information about data storage is not included. It is relatively difficult to get really precise information from Google about stored data.

You can also find out what data is basically collected by Google and what it is used for on https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.

Google Fonts Local Privacy Policy

On our website, we use Google Fonts from Google Inc. For the European region, the company Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible. responsible. We have integrated the Google fonts locally, i.e. on our web server - not on Google's servers. This means that there is no connection to Google servers and therefore and therefore no data transfer or storage.

What are Google Fonts?

Google Fonts used to be called Google Web Fonts. This is an interactive directory of over 800 fonts that can be Google provides for free. With Google Fonts, you could use fonts without uploading them to your own server. uploading them. But in order to prevent any transfer of information to Google servers in this regard, we have downloaded the fonts to our server. In this way we act data protection compliant and do not send any data to Google Fonts.

Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unlimited access to all fonts. This means we have unlimited access to a sea of fonts and can thus get the most out of our website. for our website. You can find out more about Google Fonts and other issues at. https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=311257055.

Embedded social media elements privacy policy

We embed elements of social media services on our website to display images, videos and text.
. When you visit pages that display these elements, data is transferred from your browser to the respective social media service and stored there. We have no access to this data. this data.
The following links will take you to the pages of the respective social media services where it is explained how they handle your data:

YouTube privacy policy

We have incorporated YouTube videos on our website. This allows us to present interesting videos directly on our site. YouTube is a video portal that since 2006 has been a subsidiary of Google since 2006. The video portal is operated by YouTube, LLC, 901 Cherry Ave, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA. If you call up a page on our website that has an embedded YouTube video, your browser automatically connects to the YouTube or Google servers. In the process, various data are transmitted (depending on the settings). Google is responsible for Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all data processing in Europe.

In the following, we would like to explain in more detail which data is processed, why we have integrated YouTube videos and how you can manage or delete your data.

What is YouTube?

On YouTube, users can watch, rate, comment and upload videos for free. Over the last few years, YouTube has become one of the most important social media channels in the world. To enable us to display videos on our website, YouTube provides a code snippet that we have built into our site.

Why do we use YouTube videos on our website?

YouTube is the video platform with the most visitors and the best content. We are committed to providing you with the best possible user experience on our website. And of course interesting videos can't be missing. With the help of our embedded videos, we provide you with further helpful content in addition to our texts and images. In addition, our website is found more easily on the Google search engine through the embedded videos. Also, when we run ads through Google Ads, the data we collect allows Google to show those ads only to people who are interested. Google can only show these ads to people who are interested in what we have to offer.

What data is stored by YouTube?

As soon as you visit one of our pages that has a YouTube video embedded, YouTube sets at least one cookie that stores your IP address and our URL. If you are logged into your YouTube account, YouTube can usually associate your interactions on our website with your profile using cookies. This includes data such as session duration, bounce rate, approximate location, technical information such as browser type, screen resolution or your internet service provider. Other data may include contact details, any ratings, sharing of content via social media or adding to your profile. via social media or adding to your favourites on YouTube.

If you are not signed into a Google Account or YouTube account, Google stores data with a unique identifier associated with your device, browser or app. So your preferred language setting is retained, for example. But a lot of interaction data can't be stored because fewer cookies are set.

In the following list, we show cookies that were set in the browser in a test. On the one hand, we show cookies that are set without a logged-in YouTube account. On the other hand cookies that are set with a logged-in account. The list cannot claim to be complete because the user data always depends on the interactions on YouTube.

Name: YSC
Value: b9-CV6ojI5Y311257055-1
Purpose: This cookie registers a unique ID to store statistics of the video watched.
Expiration date: after the end of the session.

Name: PREF
. Value: f1=50000000
Purpose: This cookie also registers your unique ID. Google gets statistics about how you use YouTube videos on our website via PREF.
. Expiration date: after 8 months.

Name: GPS
Value: 1
Purpose: This cookie registers your unique ID on mobile devices to track GPS location.
Expiration date: after 30 minutes.

Name: VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE
Value: 95Chz8bagyU
Purpose: This cookie attempts to estimate the user's bandwidth on our web pages (with embedded YouTube video).
Expiration date: after 8 months.

Other cookies set when you are logged in with your YouTube account:

Name: APISID
Value: zILlvClZSkqGsSwI/AU1aZI6HY7311257055-
Purpose: This cookie is used to create a profile about your interests. The data is used for personalised advertisements. Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: CONSENT
. Value: YES+AT.en+20150628-20-0
Purpose: The cookie stores the status of a user's consent to use different services from Google. CONSENT is also used for security purposes to verify users and and to protect user data from unauthorised attacks. Expiration date: after 19 years.

Name: HSID
Value: AcRwpgUik9Dveht0I
Purpose: This cookie is used to create a profile about your interests. This data helps to display personalised advertising.
Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: LOGIN_INFO
Value: AFmmF2swRQIhALl6aL...
Purpose: This cookie stores information about your login details.
. Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: SAPISID
Value: 7oaPxoG-pZsJuuF5/AnUdDUIsJ9iJz2vdM
Purpose: This cookie works by uniquely identifying your browser and device. It is used to create a profile about your interests. create.
Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: SID
Value: oQfNKjAsI311257055-
Purpose: This cookie stores your Google Account ID and your last login time in digitally signed and encrypted form.
Expiration date: after 2 years.

Name: SIDCC
Value: AN0-TYuqub2JOcDTyL
Purpose: This cookie stores information about how you use the website and what advertisements you may have seen before visiting our site.
Expiration date: after 3 months.

How long and where is the data stored?

The data that YouTube receives from you and processes is stored on Google servers. Most of these servers are located in America. At https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/?hl=de  you can see exactly where Google's data centres are located. Your data is distributed across the servers. This means that the data can be accessed more quickly and is better protected against manipulation.

Google stores the collected data for different lengths of time. Some data can be deleted at any time, others are automatically deleted after a limited period of time and still others are stored by Google for a longer period of time. stored by Google for a longer period of time. Some data (such as My Activity items, photos or documents, products) stored in your Google Account will remain stored until you delete it. stored until you delete it. Even if you are not signed in to a Google Account, you can delete some data associated with your device, browser or app.

How can I delete my data or prevent data from being stored?

Basically, you can delete data in your Google Account manually. With the automatic deletion feature of location and activity data introduced in 2019, information will be stored depending on your decision - either stored for 3 or 18 months and then deleted.

Whether you have a Google account or not, you can configure your browser to delete or disable cookies from Google. Depending on the browser you use you use, this works in different ways. The following instructions show how to manage cookies in your browser:

Chrome: Delete, enable and manage cookies in Chrome

Safari: Managing cookies and website data with Safari

Firefox: clear cookies to remove data that websites have placed on your computer

Internet Explorer: deleting and managing cookies

Microsoft Edge: deleting and managing cookies

If you do not want cookies as a matter of principle, you can set up your browser so that it always informs you when a cookie is to be set. In this way, you can decide for each individual cookie whether you allow it or not. As YouTube is a subsidiary of Google, there is a joint privacy policy. If you would like to find out more about your data, we recommend that you read the data protection declaration at https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=de.

Google reCAPTCHA privacy policy

Our primary goal is to keep our website as secure and safe as possible for you and for us. In order to ensure this, we use Google reCAPTCHA from the company Google Inc. Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services in Europe. With reCAPTCHA we can determine whether you really are a flesh and blood human being and not a robot or other spam software. By spam we mean any unsolicited information sent to us electronically. that comes to us in an unsolicited manner. With the classic CAPTCHAS, you usually had to solve text or picture puzzles to check. With reCAPTCHA from Google, we don't have to bother you with such puzzles. with such riddles. Here, in most cases, it is enough to simply tick a box and thus confirm that you are not a bot. With the new Invisible reCAPTCHA version, you no longer have to no longer have to set a check mark. You will find out exactly how this works and, above all, what data is used for this purpose in the course of this privacy policy.

What is reCAPTCHA?

reCAPTCHA is a free captcha service from Google that protects websites from spam software and abuse by non-human visitors. The most common use of this service is when filling out forms on the internet. A captcha service is a kind of automatic Turing test that is designed to ensure that an action on the internet is performed by a human and not a bot. not by a bot. In the classic Turing test (named after the computer scientist Alan Turing), a human determines the distinction between a bot and a human. With captchas, the computer the computer or a software programme. Classical captchas work with small tasks that are easy for humans to solve, but present considerable difficulties for machines. for machines. With reCAPTCHA, you no longer have to actively solve puzzles. The tool uses modern risk techniques to distinguish humans from bots. All you have to do here is tick the text box "I am not a robot" or, with Invisible reCAPTCHA, even that is no longer necessary. With reCAPTCHA, a JavaScript element is integrated into the source code and then the tool runs in the background and analyses your user behaviour. in the background and analyses your user behaviour. From these user actions, the software calculates a so-called captcha score. Google uses this score to calculate before the Google uses this score to calculate the probability that you are a human before you enter the captcha. reCAPTCHA or captchas in general are always used when bots perform certain actions (e.g. registrations, surveys, etc.). registrations, surveys, etc.) could be manipulated or abused.

Why do we use reCAPTCHA on our website?

We only want to welcome flesh and blood people to our site. Bots or spam software of any kind can safely stay at home. That's why we pull out all the stops to to protect ourselves and offer you the best possible user experience. For this reason, we use Google reCAPTCHA from Google. So we can be pretty sure that we remain a "bot-free" website. By using reCAPTCHA, data is transmitted to Google to determine whether you are really a human being. reCAPTCHA is therefore used to ensure the security of our website and, by extension, your security. For example, without reCAPTCHA, it could happen that a bot registers as many e-mail addresses as possible during a registration e-mail addresses in order to "spam" forums or blogs with unwanted advertising content. With reCAPTCHA, we can avoid such bot attacks.

What data is stored by reCAPTCHA?

reCAPTCHA collects personal data from users in order to determine whether the actions on our website actually originate from people. It can therefore send the IP address and other data, that Google requires for the reCAPTCHA service may be sent to Google. IP addresses are almost always shortened beforehand within the member states of the EU or other signatory states to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. European Economic Area are almost always shortened before the data ends up on a server in the USA. The IP address will not be combined with other data from Google unless you have are logged in with your Google account while using reCAPTCHA. First, the reCAPTCHA algorithm checks whether Google cookies from other Google services (YouTube. Gmail, etc.) are already present on your browser. (YouTube, Gmail, etc.) are already placed on your browser. Then, reCAPTCHA places an additional cookie on your browser and captures a snapshot of your browser window.

The following list of collected browser and user data, does not claim to be exhaustive. Rather, they are examples of data that, to our knowledge, are processed by Google. processed by Google.

  • Referrer URL (the address of the page from which the visitor came)
  • IP address (e.g. 256.123.123.1)
  • Info about the operating system (the software that enables your computer to operate. Known operating systems are Windows, Mac OS X or Linux)
  • Cookies (small text files that store data in your browser)
  • Mouse and keyboard behaviour (every action you perform with the mouse or keyboard is stored)
  • Date and language settings (which language or date you have preset on your PC will be saved)
  • All JavaScript objects (JavaScript is a programming language that allows websites to adapt to the user. JavaScript objects can collect all kinds of data under one name)
  • Screen resolution (indicates how many pixels the image display consists of)

It is undisputed that Google uses and analyses this data even before you click on the "I am not a robot" checkbox. With the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, even the In the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, you don't even have to tick the box and the whole recognition process runs in the background. Google does not tell you in detail exactly how much and which data it stores.

The following cookies are used by reCAPTCHA: Here we refer to the reCAPTCHA demo version from Google at. https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api2/demo. All these cookies require a unique identifier a unique identifier. Here is a list of cookies that Google reCAPTCHA has set on the demo version:

Name: IDE
Value: WqTUmlnmv_qXyi_DGNPLESKnRNrpgXoy1K-pAZtAkMbHI-311257055-8
Purpose: This cookie is set by the company DoubleClick (also owned by Google) to record and report a user's actions on the website in dealing with advertisements. and to report them. This allows advertising effectiveness to be measured and appropriate optimisation measures to be taken. IDE is stored in browsers under the domain doubleclick.net. stored.
Expiration date: after one year.

Name: 1P_JAR
Wert: 2019-5-14-12
Purpose: This cookie collects statistics on website usage and measures conversions. A conversion occurs, for example, when a user becomes a buyer. The cookie is also used to display relevant advertisements to users. Furthermore, the cookie can be used to prevent a user from seeing the same ad more than once. Expiration date: after one month

Name: ANID
Value: U7j1v3dZa3112570550xgZFmiqWppRWKOr
Purpose: We could not find out much information about this cookie. In Google's privacy policy, the cookie is mentioned in connection with "advertising cookies". "advertising cookies" such as "DSID", "FLC", "AID", "TAID". ANID is stored under domain google.com.
Expiration date: after 9 months.

Name: CONSENT
Value: YES+AT.en+20150628-20-0
Purpose: The cookie stores the status of a user's consent to use different services from Google. CONSENT is also used for security purposes, to verify user users, prevent credential fraud and protect user data from unauthorised attacks.
Expiration date: after 19 years.

Name: NID
Value: 0WmuWqy311257055zILzqV_nmt3sDXwPeM5Q
Purpose: NID is used by Google to customise advertisements to your Google search. With the help of the cookie, Google "remembers" your most frequently typed search queries or your previous interaction with ads. This way you will always get tailored ads. The cookie contains a unique ID to collect the user's personal preferences for advertising purposes. for advertising purposes.
Expiration date: after 6 months.

Name: DV
Value: gEAABBCjJMXcI0dSAAAANbqc311257055-4
Purpose: Once you have ticked the "I am not a robot" box, this cookie is set. The cookie is used by Google Analytics for personalised personalised advertising. DV collects information in anonymous form and is further used to make user distinctions.
. Expiration date: after 10 minutes.

Note: This list cannot claim to be exhaustive, as Google's experience has shown that they change their choice of cookies every now and then.

How long and where will the data be stored?

By inserting reCAPTCHA, data is transferred from you to the Google server. Where exactly this data is stored is not made clear by Google, even after repeated requests. clearly. Without having received confirmation from Google, it can be assumed that data such as mouse interaction, time spent on the website or language settings are stored on the European or American Google servers. The IP address that your browser transmits to Google will not be merged with other Google data from other Google services. Google services. However, if you are logged into your Google account while using the reCAPTCHA plug-in, the data will be merged.  The deviating data protection provisions of Google apply.

How can I delete my data or prevent the data storage?

If you do not want any data about you and your behaviour to be transmitted to Google, you must log out of Google completely before visiting our website or using the reCAPTCHA software. Google and delete all Google cookies before you visit our website or use the reCAPTCHA software. In principle, the data is automatically transmitted to Google as soon as you visit our website. To delete this data again you will need to contact Google support at  https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=311257055.

So by using our website, you consent to the automatic collection, processing and use of data by Google LLC and its agents.

You can learn a little more about reCAPTCHA on Google's web developer page at. https://developers.google.com/recaptcha/. Although Google is referring here to the technical development of reCAPTCHA in more detail, but exact information about data storage and data protection-relevant topics is also searched for in vain there. A good overview of the basic use of data at Google can be found in the company's own data protection declaration at https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.

Source: Created with the Data Protection Generator by AdSimple in cooperation with fashiongott.co.uk

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