For over 30 years the club for traditional Kung Fu, Taijiquan, Lion Dance, Dragon Dance, Self-defence and Qigong in Siegen, Germany.
The training programs of the Zhou Jia Quan Wushu offer an inexhaustible potential on activities. Beside breathing techniques, exercises, stamina training, self-defense, free sparring and historical subject matters, special emphases are placed on classical hand and weapon forms. The contents of these forms (Jap. kata, Chin. quanfa) are mainly self-defense techniques, which are based on techniques of the five animals. That is archetypal of this martial art. Every single one of these animal techniques marks the defensive as well as the offensive action of an animal. Each representing animal symbolizes it's own capability. The tiger is for power, the dragon for mental capability, the leopard for swiftness, the crane for flexibility and the snake for internal power. The Japanese Karate also applies these animal techniques, but not in this multitude and intensity as Chinese Wushu does.
In the first phase of training, the students learn at least five Zhou Jia Quan forms. Depending on individual talent and aptitude, the course last between four to five years and complemented with a final examination leading to black belt. Beginning with the basic forms the following forms would be complexer and more demanding. Through intensive and hard training with the forms, the students learn to improve their techniques and to adjust themselves to situation when countering opponents during sparring sessions. The vast range of methods allows a student to choose the one that suits best his preference, his possibility and requirement.
An almost 'subordinate aspect' of this form of training is that certain characteristics like suppleness, perserverance, reaction speed, stamina, perceptibilty are pronounced improved and aggression gradually reduced. Another important aspect is the conduct that a Zhou Jia student learns during this phase of training. This conduct makes it possible to create a close and familiar relationship amongst the students during training and also serves as guideline for the daily life outside the school.
No aggressive behaviour against our fellow-men!
The Traditional Chinese Wushu that the Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association practices and promotes is called ‘Zhong Wai Zhou Jia.‘ At the time of its inception, the particular style of Wushu was labelled because the essential technic incorporated with the muscular and mighty movements of Hong Jia Wushu, the swift footwork of Cai Jia Wushu, making it a very effective form of self-defence with emphasis on simultaneous attack and defence.
The origin of Zhou Jia Wushu system, started with Grand Master Zhou Long, who is of Sha Fu dialect and born in 1891, Guangdong Province, Xinhui Village, China. With his creative thinking, he had contributed to Zhou Jia Wushu’s emergence in the 1920‘s. That was a dominant force for nearly half a century in Guangdong Province.
Grand Master Zhou Long came from a big family of ten. He was the fifth child and eldest son in the family, with four younger brothers. The sixth Zhou Xie, the eigth and ninth are twins, Zhou Biao and Zhou Hai, the last was Zhou Tian. Young Zhou Long had great interest in Wushu. Therefore, he tried to absorb all he could learn from his from his uncle Zhou Geng (Zhou Hong) who practised Shaolin Hong Quan Wushu and he ended up being the best among the brothers. Furthermore, Zhou Long went round the village asking and learning from other ‘Hong ‘ style practitioners and therefore learnt and understood more ‘Hong‘ style wushu.
One day, while Zhou Long was practising in front yard of his home, an old man who was passing by, noticed him and stopped to ask how long he had been practising wushu. After some conversation, the old man said he would like to teach Zhou Long his kind of wushu. Zhou Long consulted his father and the old man was introduced. Surprisingly this old man, Master Cai Jiu Yi was a wushu expert in ‘Cai Jia Quan.‘ With permission from his father, Zhou Long was allowed to study and learn Cai Jia Wushu under Master Cai Jiu Yi. Having some basic knowledge of Hong Jia Wushu, it took Zhou Long only a few years to master the Cai Jia Wushu.
In the year 1910, because of family hardship, he left home for Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia to seek employment. Coincidentally, Zhou Long met an Abbot, Reverend Hong Yi who took Zhou Long as his disciple to study his Bei Pai Wushu ( a style practised by the people in the northern part of China, specialised in kicking, jumping and fast leg movements ). Reverend Hong Yi advised Zhou Long to blend all the three styles together in order to perfect a style to suit himself better.
In the year 1915, Zhou Long returned to China, participated in a tournament and won. He was then appointed Chief Instructor of the army of Warlord General He Fu Qiao. Zhou Long sent for his brothers to assist him in the training of the soldiers. In 1917, Grand Master Zhou Long set up his first school at his hometown ( Xinhui ) and named it ‘Zhou Ren Yi Tang’. Together with the help of his brothers, Grand Master Zhou Long pooled all their learnings together and a new form of wushu was born. As the surname of the five brothers are ‘Zhou’, they decided to name this new style of wushu ‘Zhou Jia Quan’ (Zhou Family Style of Wushu).
Not forgetting his root and the Masters that had taught him wushu, Grand Master Zhou Long often told all his students that his form of wushu was ‘ Hong Tou Cai Wei’ ( Hong Head and Cai Tail ), Hong Style first and then followed by Cai Style, but of equal terms.
With countless effort and united spirit in spreading this new style of wushu, popularity grew. The five brothers were honoured and labelled as the ‘Five Tigers of Zhou Jia’. Just as Grand Master Zhou Long was at the peak of his career, he caught a cold and fell ill. Thinking that he was strong and healthy, he paid no attention to his illness. Coupled with pressure from his work, Grand Master Zhou Long’s health deteriorated rapidly. In fact, he contacted pneumonia. Grand Master Zhou Long was beyond medical help and passed away at the age of 28, in 1919.
After the death of Grand Master Zhou Long, the Wushu School was in disarray. A family meeting was called and Grand Master Zhou Biao was elected as the new leader. Grand Master Zhou Biao resigned his post from the army and started promoting Zhou Jia Wushu. Within a year, he set up fourteen Zhou Jia Wushu schools around China.
In 1936, the Zhou Jia Wushu School was invited to Hong Kong to particpate in the Coronation of King George VI of England. With this great opportunity to promote Zhou Jia Wushu, Grand Master Zhou Biao led a team of friends and students to Hong Kong. The demonstration was well received and it was a big success. A school was then set up in Kowloon, Hong Kong, to promote Zhou Jia Wushu. Grand Master Zhou Biao was also invited by the Garment and Medical Merchant Association to be their Wushu Instructor during his stay in Hong Kong.
In the same year, Grand Master Zhou Biao renamed the school in Hong Kong to ‘Zhong Wai Zhou Jia’ ( meaning Outside China Zhou School ). As it was the first school to be set up outside China, Grand Master Zhou Biao preferred to differentiate the origin.
Grand Master Zhou Biao returned to China at the time when this was facing the beginning of the Second World War and the rise of the Communist Party. After much consideration and planning, the Zhou family migrated to Hong Kong in 1949.
In Hong Kong, Grand Master Zhou Biao rented a place near the harbour and was engaged by the Fishery Port Association to be their Chief Instructor. He taught all it’s members, comprising of the fellow fishermen and workers. At the same time Grand Master Zhou Tian also set up a school at the busy Huang Da Xian District, Hong Kong.
During this period Zhou Jia Wushu was then modified to practical self-defence and body conditioning with a wide new range of hand and weapon forms. It was then taught to the students and together with the traditional Lion Dance.
On 14th March 1961, Grand Master Zhou Biao passed away after a short illness.
Although Zhong Wai Zhou Jia Wushu has only a short history, the number of students practising this form of wushu is innumerable. Today there are many schools and associations in China, Hong Kong, South East Asia, Australia, America and in Europe promoting and spreading the Zhong Wai Zhou Jia Wushu.
Zhou Jia Quan refers to the martial arts style of the Zhou family and is also described as ‘‘Hong Tou Cai Wei‘‘. Which means: ‘‘Hong‘‘ ...beeing the heading, ‘‘Cai‘‘ ...as the ending.
Master Zhou Long learnt the Hong Jia Quan from his uncle Zhou Hong, the Cai Jia Quan from Master Cai Jiu Yi and the Bei Pai Shaolin Quan from the buddhist monk Reverend Hong Yi.
He combined all three systems and developed the Zhou Jia Wushu.
This family-tree is completed to the best of our knowledge.
Should we have not included anyone, please contact us!
The style of lion dance that the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V. practises is referred to as He Shan lion (Heshan Shi). This form of folk art was started long time ago during the period when eight countries were battling in China to gain power. After the war the Chinese created this lion dance as a sign of victory over their enemies. It is therefore also known as ''Shengli Shi''or the victory lion.
Under the lion costume there are two dancers. One dancer under the head operates the eyes, the ears and the mouth. This head is made of bamboo mesh and paper. Under the body of the lion, which is made of cloth, the other dancer performs the back and tail function. The head and the body of the lion are joined by strings. Every movement of the lion has a meaning. Kung Fu schools apply step patterns and drumming rhythm to demonstrate the different expressions of the lion. The lion dance team includes musicians to perform the drum, the gong and the cymbals.
The acrobatic movements required for the lion to reach the holy green demand a very high degree of body control and co-ordination on both partners. This can only be accomplished through hard and intensive training. Before the dancers practise under the lion costume one has to practise the basic movements and acrobatic jumps of the lion. Therefore a solid foundation in traditional kung fu is required to practise the lion dance.
The laughing big head Buddha (Da Tou Fo) is also a very demanding role to play. The person playing it must be very athletic and perform movements like an acrobat by doing jumps and various Kung-Fu moves. The player must wear a mask which is usually painted pink (white for a female) over his head. He must also wear a robe and carry a fan which is made up of a palm leaf.
There are three different instruments in the traditional lion dance namely the drum, the cymbals and the gong. They support the lion's movements and emotions and therefore must be practised very precisely in extra lessons.
The lion dance team of the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V. practises the lion dance since 1991 and is one of the oldest teams in Europe. It is under the guidance of the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association which is very famous for its dragon and lion dance in Southeast Asia. Chief Instructor for lion dance at the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association is Master Yu Tuck Seng. He has lead his teams to numerous prizes on national tournaments and is an acknowledged expert for traditional lion dance. Hence he was also invited to teach overseas lion dance teams many times.
Master Choo Chuan Chew, a student of Master Yu Tuck Seng, is instructor for dragon and lion dance at Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association. Besides that he is also responsible for coaching and advising the overseas branches, so as for the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V. in Siegen.
The lion dance is a folk art steeped in the tradition of the Chinese people. The origin of this form of expression of the Chinese culture is rather old, that the track is lost in the darkness of history. One legend traces back to the Tang dynasty (618-906 AD). Legend has it that the emperor had a dream one night in which a strange looking animal saved his life. The next morning the emperor described the dream to his ministers. One minister told the emperor that the strange animal resembled a creature from the West, a lion. Since the strange animal saved the emperor in his dream the lion quickly became a symbol of good luck throughout China. It was believed that a dancing lion chases away evil spirits. Even today the myth that the lion brings luck and symbolises might still remains.
Lion dances can be broadly categorised into two styles, Northern and Southern .Northern lion dance was used as entertainment for the imperial court. The northern lion is usually red, orange and yellow (sometimes with green fur for the female lion), shaggy in appearance, with a golden head. The northern dance is acrobatic and is mainly performed as entertainment.
Southern lion dance is more symbolic. It is usually performed as a ceremony to scare away evil spirits and to summon good luck and fortune. The southern lion distinguishes from the northern lion and his appearance is more abstract with different variations and different colours which all have a specific meaning. The southern lion head has large eyes, a mirror on the forehead, and a single horn at the centre of the head.
Canton is the homeland of the southern style which can be further divided into 5 substyles, namely Fo Shan/Fat San (Buddha Mountain), He Shan/Hok San (Crane Mountain), Fo He lion/Fat Hok (a hybrid of Fo San and He San), Zhou Jia (performed by practitioners of Zhou family style kung fu) and the so-called Green Lion (Qing Shi - popular with the Fukien/Hokkien and Taiwanese People).
While the Fo Shan lion looks very fierce and has a very long tail the He Shan lion looks more friendly and has a much shorter tail which allows him to perform much more acrobatic elements such as jumping on the tail's performer's legs or on benches.
Before a new lion can be used in practise or performance the lion must be brought to life. For this purpose a special ceremony ("opening the eyes of the lion") must be held in which a master of ceremony has to awake every part of the lion's body. After that the lion comes to life it has to perform a special routine.
The lion's main task in order to bring luck and wealth is an assignment which he has to execute. To begin, he would look out to the feed or the 'green' (in form of vegetable or oranges) and with playful and tentative steps, maneuvers slowly towards the goal. Here the lion would show his emotions like fear, fright, amazement, joy, sadness etc. After eating the 'green', he notices that it is sacred and would fall into a state of drunkenness or trance whereby he finally spits it out again. On his way to the 'green' the lion has to overcome many obstacles like poisonous animals (snake, centipede, scorpion) that block his way, word puzzles that the lion has to solve or other barriers like mountains (built with benches) or water that the lion has to overcome. The way the lion gets to the green shows the skill of the performers. But in doing so certain rules and routines must always be obeyed.
Another important aspect in southern lion dance is the laughing big head Buddha (Da Tou Fo). The buddha is a Chinese monk. He plays with and also teases the lion. He must lead the lion to the green, called the lion's qing, which the lion tries to catch and eat. This denotes good luck. The lion, depending on it's mood, will either play with, chase, bites, and/or kicks the buddha around.
Kung Fu or Wushu schools which cultivate and preserve this tradition perform the lion dance on great occasions like the Lunar New Year, opening ceremonies of business shops, weddings, state receptions, religious festivals and ceremonies etc. and is accepted by major cities around the world.
This family-tree is completed to the best of our knowledge.
Should we have not included anyone, please contact us!
The dragon, a talisman in the Chinese mythology, is widely worshipped in Asia. In the western world it is often regarded as an evil and dangerous creature, but for the Chinese the dragon is just the contrary. In both cases the dragon symbolizes Supernatural and Power and especially the Chinese dragon stands for Might and Inner Strength. The dragon is regarded by many Asian authors, artists, craftsmen and the public as the King of Nature. For the past 1000 years the continuation and development of the dragon dance have followed a tortuous route.
The dragon dance is performed on Chinese New Year, grand business openings, taoistic festivals and on other ceremonial events. It brings luck, health and prosperity. The dragon is usually made of light wooden frames in segments and covered with cloth, mirrors and embroidery depicting the scales of the dragon. The head is made of bamboo frames and covered with layer of silk or cloth. It has a large mouth with a flexible lower jaw. The whole dragon is moved by kung fu students with the help of poles which are fixed on the segments.
The dragon dance shows the dragons effort to get the pearl of wisdom. The dragon chases the pearl which is also carried by a martial artist. Characteristic drum and cymbal music underlines and supports the choreography of the dance.
Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan in the Chinese character can be translated as the 'Supreme Ultimate Force'. The notion of 'supreme ultimate' is often associated with the Chinese concept of Yin and Yang, the notion that one can see a dynamic duality in all things. 'Force' or here the character 'Chuan' refers to a school or method of combat and can be thought of here as the means or way of achieving this yin-yang, or 'supreme-ultimate' discipline.
Today, Tai Chi is also practiced in the west, although at the time of its development, Tai Chi, a potent art was dedicated only to a few families who kept this to themselves. Tai Chi Chuan, as it was originally conceived, contains movements from the martial arts. The method of fighting in the martial arts involves dynamic interacting forces. Neutralizing and countering an opponents force requires an interplay of energies. This is a true expression of Tai Chi.
For many practitioners, the focus in Tai Chi is the meditative exercise for the body and for physical health. For others, the martial aspects of Tai Chi are of considerable interest. Anyway, all of the major Tai Chi styles place great emphasis on the meaning of the movements through applications training.
In the Chinese philosophy and medicine there exists the concept of 'Chi', a vital force that animates the body. One aim of Tai Chi is to cultivate and nurture this chi circulation within the body. By doing so, the health and vitality of the person are enhanced as the patterns of this chi circulation is related to the nervous and vascular system and resemble that of the practice of acupuncture and other oriental healing arts.
Through the focused and precise execution of the exercises, one learns to acquire a calm and transquil mind. This can lead to a better understanding of the body balance, alignment and fine motor skills. Many medical practitioners therefore encourage the practice of Tai Chi Chuan as this is very beneficial to health, both, for the young and the young at heart.
The Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V., also known as Nia Kwang Ying Yong Tang, is an official registered association that promotes Chinese culture and the traditional martial art Zhou Jia Quan kung fu. The headquarter is in Siegen, Germany with its roots going back to Singapore.
Master Lim Chin Kim from Singapore, a student from Grandmaster Mai Zhi, opened his first kung fu school in 1961. In 1964 it was officially named Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association. The disciplined and very tough lessons were conducted by Master Lim Chin Kim himself. Very soon the good quality of the training was appreciated by the people in Singapore and parents send their children to study kung fu. Shortly after that classes for traditional lion- and dragon dance were offered. Besides that the medical care for the students was also secured. Due to Master Lim Chin Kim's dedication, strong efforts and his personality the association became one of the most popular kung fu clubs in Singapore.
In 1974 Master Seet Chor Thong was sent from his native country Singapore to Germany to undergo a technical training. From his early youth on Master Seet Chor Thong was fascinated by Chinese kung fu and hence he studied under several Masters martial arts. During his school days he learned Judo. Together with his cousin he studied traditional Yang style Taiji Quan. Amongst others he studied the Khong Chang system under Master Tan Seng Lee. Three years later he learnt Shangdong Praying Mantis Kung Fu from Master Wong Kok Keong. From 1975 on he studies southern Zhou Jia Quan kung fu. In the beginning from Timothy Tay, later from Master Lim Chin Kim.
During his stay in Germany Master Seet Chor Thong taught several students the kung fu from his Master, Master Lim Chin Kim at a martial arts school in Hagen. At that time traditional kung fu was not very well known in Germany and Master Seet Chor Thong was one of the first persons to teach Chinese martial arts in Germany. The number of his students increased very fast so that a class in Cologne was opened in 1975. In 1977 Master Seet Chor Thong finished his technical training and went back to Singapore. One of his first students, Master Frank Greinacher continued the kung fu teaching in Germany. In 1980 Master Seet Chor Thong came back to Germany. Because of the rising popularity of the Zhou Jia Quan kung fu in Germany (in 1980 a school in Siegen was established, as well as in 1981in Dillenburg and Wetzlar) Master Seet Chor Thong decided to stay in Germany. Together with Master Yeo Lian Hock and Master Heng Keng Huat (both students from Master Lim Chin Kim as well) and Master Frank Greinacher, they founded the first Nia Kwang school in Gevelsberg. Additional schools were set up in 1983 in Witten and Siegen, in 1985 in Hasslinghausen and in 1992 in Bonn.
The Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V was officially established in 1983 in Siegen with Master Seet Chor Thong as chief instructor. With the blessing from his Master, Master Lim Chin Kim the kung fu school bestowed the additional honoured name Nia Kwang Ying Yong Tang (which means hall of courageous heroes) in 1990. Since that time Master Lim Chin Kim often travels to Germany to visit his students and teach the Zhou Jia Quan kung fu style to them. In return the German school regularly organises training trips to Singapore for the German students so that they can practice at the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association together with Master Lim Chin Kim.
Since 1990 the traditional southern Heshan style lion dance is part of the training at the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e.V in Siegen. The association belongs to the first who practice the traditional lion dance in Germany and was very successful at national and international competitions over the last 20 years. In the year 1996 a Taiji Quan class was formed where the authentic Yang style is taught. Since 2005 there is also a class for traditional dragon dance.
For the period of one week we offer you a trial-training of all activities. This is of course free of charge and without obligations. Go to the Training time-table.
Please come with comfortable sports wear and light gym shoes.
Regardless of age, everybody is welcome!
Beginner & advanced class
6 p.m. - 7 p.m.
Beginner & advanced class
8 p.m. - 9.45 p.m.
Attention: During public holidays in North-Rhine-Westfalia all training classes are closed.
Zhou Jin Bo born in 1925, was brought up in Ma Yuan village, Xinhui city in Guangdong province. He lost his father while he was six years old. Two years later, he followed his mother to
Jiangmen city. Here he learnt that a famous teacher, named Zhou Biao was operating a martial art school, the Zhou School Ren Yi Tang No. 9 branch. His love for martial art brought him to
the school every evening to watch the others practice and to try to imitate their movements.
His actions didn’t remain unnoticed. Master Zhou Biao realized Zhou Jin Bo’s love for martial art and proposed to Zu Hua and Li Niu to accept Zhou Jin Bo as a student of the Zhou school. Just at the age of ten, he now formally became a disciple of Zhou Biao.
In 1939, due to poverty, Zhou Jin Bo together with his mother, was forced to leave Jiangmen city for Hong Kong. Five years later, they returned to Jiangmen city. Through a senior member of the Zhou school, he was recommended an apprentice job at a goldsmith shop. Coincidentally the owner was a council member of the Zhou school and from there onwards he could resume training under the shopkeeper’s tutorship.
1946 Zhou Biao arranged for Zhou Jin Bo to Xinhui county to set up schools in both the Jing Gen and the Heng Shang villages and to teach there.
1947 Zhou Biao again arranged for Zhou Jin Bo to Nanhai Jiujiang to re-open a Zhou school (the school was then named: Zhou Guan Ren Yi Tang – Jiujiang Ying Yong Tang). Fu Chao Guang was
appointed to teach in Jiujiang until the liberation in 1949.
During those uncertain periods, Zhou Jin Bo went through many hardships struggling with different jobs to support the family.
1971 Zhou Jin Bo was posted to work in a distillery in Jiujiang. As work wasn’t too stressful in the day, the evening would be spent teaching martial art at a nearby field. The students returned and training resumed under Zhou Jin Bo. Later as the field was no more available for training, the group moved to Zhou Jin Bo’s home garden to continue their engagements.
In April 1997, upon the invitation of Master Chan Man Cheung (Chen Wan Xiang), a delegation from the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association led by Master Lim Chin Kim travelled to Hong Kong. During our stay in Hong Kong, Master Chan contacted Master Zhou Jin Bo in Jiujiang and an arrangement was made for the Singapore delegation to visit Master Zhou at his homeplace.
Arriving in Jiujiang, we were greeted with warm cordiality by the Jiujiang Shang Dong Amateur Physical Association. An exchange on martial art knowledge and the observation of the
activities in Asia and in Europe dominated the main conversations. Master Zhou took the opportunity to introduce us the martial art that he practiced and also taught us in Zhou Jia Lion
Together with his students and other members of the school, Master Zhou spared no expense to make our stay in Jiujiang a memorable one. The hospitality extended to us was so fascinating that another trip to Jiujiang to visit Master Zhou was thereupon decided.
The second trip to Jiujiang took place in February 1998. A group of five persons from the Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany visited the Jiujiang Ying Yong Tang Zhou Guan
School. This time round, Master Zhou, impressed by the enthusiasm of the German students, devotedly impart some Zhou Jia martial arts to them. We stayed in Jiujiang for a couple of days
and Master Zhou taught us several hand forms and explained the applications of the different techniques of the Zhou Jia martial art.
During our stay in Jiujiang we were given the chance to learn to know Master Zhou better. His kindness and unbiased manner showed us what makes a person great. His generosity and selflessness impressed us most.
The friendship between the two schools has since deepened. An invitation to visit Germany extended to Master Zhou and his followers was promptly accepted.
May 25th, 2000 was an exciting day for us as we welcomed Master Zhou and his delegation at Frankfurt Airport. Accompanying him on this trip were his family members, as well as the town
mayor of Jiujiang.
Though the journey from Guangdong to Europe was long and tiring, Master Zhou did not take too much time off to rest and commenced lessons to his German students to pursue the studies of the Zhou Jia martial art.
The stay in Germany was not mainly confined to martial art training. Home visits and a tour of Europe were integral part of the trip. Here we had much time to learn more about each
I recall one amusing incident when the troupe was touring Italy with a student from Siegen. Due to language barrier, ordering meals in an Italian restaurant wasn’t easy then. But this didn’t hampered his son, Zhou Bo Rong from calling me up to help order the meals in Italy through the phone.
Master Zhou and his delegation left Europe on June 11, 2000 and the farewell at the airport saw many wet eyes. The person left, but the spirit of the martial art remains. Most of all, the impressions of such a wonderful person.
Master Zhou Jin Bo passed away peacefully on Dec 08, 2001. The legacy he left behind is one of invaluable significance to the martial art world.
To date, the school still exists under the name of Jiujiang Shang Dong Amateur Physical Association.
Author: Seet Chor Thong
Webmaster | Nov 1st, 2020 | 16:23:18 CET
Gymnastikraum Bertha-Von-Suttner-Gesamtschule (Entrance C001)Kolping Straße 35
Alte Halle am HengsbergAm Hengsberg 20
Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilisitic Association Germany e. V.Birkenweg 9
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Singapore Nia Kwang Pugilistic Association Germany e. V.
Telephone: +49 (0) 271 382352
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Registering court: Amtsgericht Siegen
Registration number: VR 1906
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The so-called "Cookie Guidelines" have been in place since 2009. These state that storing cookies requires your consent. Within the EU countries, however, there are reactions to these directives vary widely. In Germany, the Cookie Directives have not been implemented as national law. Instead, the implementation of Instead, this directive was largely implemented in Section 15 (3) of the German Telemedia Act (TMG).
If you would like to know more about cookies and are not afraid of technical documentation, we recommend https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments called "HTTP State Management Mechanism".
Personal data that you submit to us electronically on this website, such as your name, email address, address or other personal details in the context of submitting a form or comments on the blog, together with the time and IP address, will only be used by us for the stated purpose, kept secure and not passed on to third parties. third parties.
We therefore only use your personal data to communicate with those visitors who expressly wish to be contacted and to process the services and products offered on this website. services and products offered on this website. We do not pass on your personal data without your consent, but we cannot rule out the possibility that this data may be accessed in the event of unlawful conduct. be viewed.
If you send us personal data by e-mail - thus away from this website - we cannot guarantee secure transmission and protection of your data. We recommend that you, never send confidential data unencrypted by e-mail.
The legal basis exists according to Article 6 paragraph 1 a DSGVO (lawfulness of processing) in that you give us consent to process the data you have entered. You can revoke this consent at any time - an informal e-mail is sufficient, you will find our contact details in the imprint.
You are generally entitled to the following rights according to the provisions of the GDPR:
If you believe that the processing of your data violates data protection law or that your data protection rights have otherwise been infringed in any way, you can contact contact the Federal Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information (BfDI).
In the following data protection declaration, we inform you whether and how we evaluate data from your visit to this website. The evaluation of the collected data is generally carried out anonymous and we cannot draw any conclusions about your person from your behaviour on this website.
You can find out more about ways to object to this analysis of your visit data in the following data protection declaration.
We use https to transmit data securely over the Internet (data protection through technical design). Article 25(1) DSGVO). Through the By using TLS (Transport Layer Security), an encryption protocol for secure data transmission on the Internet, we can ensure the protection of confidential data. You can recognise the use of this data transmission security by the small lock symbol at the top left of the browser and the use of the https scheme (instead of http) as part of our Internet address.
We use Google Maps from Google Inc. on our website. Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services in Europe. responsible for all Google services. Google Maps enables us to better show you locations and thus adapt our service to your needs. Through the use of Google Maps, data is data is transferred to Google and stored on Google servers. Here we would like to go into more detail about what Google Maps is, why we use this Google service, what data is stored and how you can prevent this. data is stored and how you can prevent this.
Google Maps is an internet mapping service provided by Google. With Google Maps, you can search online via a PC, tablet or app for exact locations of cities, places of interest, accommodation or businesses online using a PC, tablet or app. If companies are represented on Google My Business, further information about the company is displayed in addition to the location. To show the To show how to get there, map sections of a location can be integrated into a website using HTML code. Google Maps shows the surface of the earth as a street map or as an aerial or satellite image. aerial or satellite image. Thanks to the Street View images and the high-quality satellite images, very accurate representations are possible.
All our efforts on this site are aimed at providing you with a useful and meaningful time on our website. By integrating Google Maps, we are able to provide you with the most provide you with the most important information on various locations. You can see at a glance where we are located. The directions always show you the best or fastest way to reach us. to us. You can call up the directions for routes by car, public transport, on foot or by bicycle. For us, the provision of Google Maps is part of our customer service.
In order for Google Maps to fully provide their service, the company needs to collect and store data from you. This includes, among other things, the search terms you enter, your IP address and also the latitude and longitude coordinates. If you use the route planner function, the starting address you entered is also stored. However, this data storage takes place on the web pages of Google Maps. We can only inform you about this, but cannot influence it. Since we have integrated Google Maps into our website, Google sets at least one cookie (name: NID) in your browser. This cookie stores data about your user behaviour. Google uses this data primarily to optimise its own services and to provide you with individual, personalised advertising, personalised advertising for you.
The following cookie is set in your browser due to the integration of Google Maps:
. Wert: 188=h26c1Ktha7fCQTx8rXgLyATyITJ311257055-5
Purpose: NID is used by Google to customise advertisements to your Google searches. With the help of the cookie, Google "remembers" your most frequently search queries or your previous interaction with ads. This way you will always get tailored ads. The cookie contains a unique ID that Google uses to collect your personal preferences for advertising purposes.
Expiration date: after 6 months.
Note: We cannot guarantee completeness in the details of the stored data. Especially when using cookies, changes can never be ruled out. never be excluded. In order to identify the cookie NID, a separate test page was created where only Google Maps was integrated.
Google servers are located in data centres around the world. However, most servers are located in America. For this reason, your data is increasingly stored in the USA. USA. You can find out exactly where Google's data centres are located here: https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/?hl=de
Google distributes the data on different data carriers. This means that the data can be accessed more quickly and is better protected against any attempts at manipulation. Each data centre also has also have special emergency programmes. If, for example, there are problems with Google's hardware or a natural disaster paralyses the servers, the data will still be protected. protected.
Google stores some data for a set period of time. For other data, Google only offers the option of deleting it manually. The company also anonymises information information (such as advertising data) in server logs by deleting part of the IP address and cookie information after 9 and 18 months respectively.
With the automatic deletion of location and activity data introduced in 2019, location and web/app activity information will be stored - depending on your decision - for either stored for either 3 or 18 months and then deleted. In addition, you can also manually delete this data from your history at any time via your Google Account. If you want to completely completely, you must pause the "Web and App Activity" section in your Google Account. Click "Data and personalisation" and then on the option "Activity setting". Here you can switch the activities on or off.
In your browser, you can also deactivate, delete or manage individual cookies. Depending on which browser you use, this always works slightly differently. The following instructions show how to manage cookies in your browser:
If you generally don't want cookies, you can set your browser to notify you whenever a cookie is about to be set. In this way, you can decide for each individual cookie whether you allow it or not.
We use Google Fonts on our website. These are the "Google Fonts" of the company Google Inc. For the European area, the company Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all Google services.
You do not have to log in or enter a password to use Google fonts. Furthermore, no cookies are stored in your browser. The files (CSS, fonts) are requested via the Google domains fonts.googleapis.com and fonts.gstatic.com. According to Google, the requests for CSS and fonts are completely separate from all other other Google services. If you have a Google account, you do not need to worry about your Google account information being transmitted to Google while using Google Fonts. Google records the use of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and the fonts used and stores this data securely. We will take a closer look at exactly how this data is stored. in detail.
Google Fonts (formerly Google Web Fonts) is a directory of over 800 fonts that Google makes available to its users free of charge. free of charge.
Many of these fonts are released under the SIL Open Font License while others are released under the Apache License . Both are free software licences.
Google Fonts allows us to use fonts on our own website, but we don't have to upload them to our own server. Google Fonts is an important part of keeping the quality of our website high. quality of our website. All Google Fonts are automatically optimised for the web and this saves data volume and is a great advantage especially for the use with mobile devices. a great advantage. When you visit our site, the low file size ensures a fast loading time. Furthermore, Google Fonts are secure web fonts. Different image synthesis systems (rendering) in different browsers, operating systems and mobile devices can lead to errors. Such errors can sometimes distort the appearance of texts or visually distorted. Thanks to the fast Content Delivery Network (CDN), there are no cross-platform problems with Google Fonts. Google Fonts supports all common browsers (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera) and works reliably on most modern mobile operating systems, including Android 2.2+ and iOS 4.2+ (iPhone, iPad, iPod). So we use Google Fonts so that we can present our entire online service as beautifully and consistently as possible.
When you visit our website, the fonts are reloaded via a Google server. This external call-up transmits data to the Google servers. In this way Google also recognises that you or your IP address are visiting our website. The Google Fonts API was developed to reduce the use, storage and collection of end-user data to what is necessary for the proper provision of fonts. By the way, API stands for "Application Programming Interface" and serves, among other things, as a data transmitter in the software sector.
Google Fonts stores CSS and font requests securely at Google and is therefore protected. are well received. Google publishes the results on internal analysis pages, such as Google Analytics. In addition, Google also uses data from its own web crawler to determine which websites are using Google fonts. This data is published in the Google Fonts BigQuery database. Entrepreneurs and developers use the Google web service BigQuery to be able to examine and move large amounts of data.
It is important to remember, however, that each Google Font request also sends information such as language settings, IP address, browser version, browser screen resolution and browser name automatically to the Google Web Service. browser name are automatically transmitted to the Google servers. Whether this data is also stored cannot be clearly determined or is not clearly communicated by Google.
Google stores requests for CSS assets for one day on its servers, which are mainly located outside the EU. This allows us, with the help of a Google stylesheet, to use the to use the fonts. A stylesheet is a format template that can be used to easily and quickly change the design or font of a website, for example.
The font files are stored by Google for one year. Google's aim is to fundamentally improve the loading time of websites. If millions of web pages refer to the same fonts, they are cached after the first visit and immediately reappear on all other websites visited later. Sometimes Google updates font files to reduce file size, increase language coverage and improve design.
The data that Google stores for a day or a year cannot simply be deleted. The data is automatically transmitted to Google when the page is accessed. To delete this data you will need to contact Google support at https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=311257055. You can only prevent data storage in this case if you do not visit our site.
Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unlimited access to all fonts. We can therefore access an unlimited sea of fonts and thus get the most out of our website. for our website. You can find out more about Google Fonts and other issues at. https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=311257055. There, Google does go into privacy-related matters, but really detailed information about data storage is not included. It is relatively difficult to get really precise information from Google about stored data.
You can also find out what data is basically collected by Google and what it is used for on https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.
On our website, we use Google Fonts from Google Inc. For the European region, the company Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible. responsible. We have integrated the Google fonts locally, i.e. on our web server - not on Google's servers. This means that there is no connection to Google servers and therefore and therefore no data transfer or storage.
Google Fonts used to be called Google Web Fonts. This is an interactive directory of over 800 fonts that can be Google provides for free. With Google Fonts, you could use fonts without uploading them to your own server. uploading them. But in order to prevent any transfer of information to Google servers in this regard, we have downloaded the fonts to our server. In this way we act data protection compliant and do not send any data to Google Fonts.
Unlike other web fonts, Google allows us unlimited access to all fonts. This means we have unlimited access to a sea of fonts and can thus get the most out of our website. for our website. You can find out more about Google Fonts and other issues at. https://developers.google.com/fonts/faq?tid=311257055.
We embed elements of social media services on our website to display images, videos and text.
. When you visit pages that display these elements, data is transferred from your browser to the respective social media service and stored there. We have no access to this data. this data.
The following links will take you to the pages of the respective social media services where it is explained how they handle your data:
We have incorporated YouTube videos on our website. This allows us to present interesting videos directly on our site. YouTube is a video portal that since 2006 has been a subsidiary of Google since 2006. The video portal is operated by YouTube, LLC, 901 Cherry Ave, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA. If you call up a page on our website that has an embedded YouTube video, your browser automatically connects to the YouTube or Google servers. In the process, various data are transmitted (depending on the settings). Google is responsible for Google Ireland Limited (Gordon House, Barrow Street Dublin 4, Ireland) is responsible for all data processing in Europe.
In the following, we would like to explain in more detail which data is processed, why we have integrated YouTube videos and how you can manage or delete your data.
On YouTube, users can watch, rate, comment and upload videos for free. Over the last few years, YouTube has become one of the most important social media channels in the world. To enable us to display videos on our website, YouTube provides a code snippet that we have built into our site.
YouTube is the video platform with the most visitors and the best content. We are committed to providing you with the best possible user experience on our website. And of course interesting videos can't be missing. With the help of our embedded videos, we provide you with further helpful content in addition to our texts and images. In addition, our website is found more easily on the Google search engine through the embedded videos. Also, when we run ads through Google Ads, the data we collect allows Google to show those ads only to people who are interested. Google can only show these ads to people who are interested in what we have to offer.
As soon as you visit one of our pages that has a YouTube video embedded, YouTube sets at least one cookie that stores your IP address and our URL. If you are logged into your YouTube account, YouTube can usually associate your interactions on our website with your profile using cookies. This includes data such as session duration, bounce rate, approximate location, technical information such as browser type, screen resolution or your internet service provider. Other data may include contact details, any ratings, sharing of content via social media or adding to your profile. via social media or adding to your favourites on YouTube.
If you are not signed into a Google Account or YouTube account, Google stores data with a unique identifier associated with your device, browser or app. So your preferred language setting is retained, for example. But a lot of interaction data can't be stored because fewer cookies are set.
In the following list, we show cookies that were set in the browser in a test. On the one hand, we show cookies that are set without a logged-in YouTube account. On the other hand cookies that are set with a logged-in account. The list cannot claim to be complete because the user data always depends on the interactions on YouTube.
Purpose: This cookie registers a unique ID to store statistics of the video watched.
Expiration date: after the end of the session.
. Value: f1=50000000
Purpose: This cookie also registers your unique ID. Google gets statistics about how you use YouTube videos on our website via PREF.
. Expiration date: after 8 months.
Purpose: This cookie registers your unique ID on mobile devices to track GPS location.
Expiration date: after 30 minutes.
Purpose: This cookie attempts to estimate the user's bandwidth on our web pages (with embedded YouTube video).
Expiration date: after 8 months.
Other cookies set when you are logged in with your YouTube account:
Purpose: This cookie is used to create a profile about your interests. The data is used for personalised advertisements. Expiration date: after 2 years.
. Value: YES+AT.en+20150628-20-0
Purpose: The cookie stores the status of a user's consent to use different services from Google. CONSENT is also used for security purposes to verify users and and to protect user data from unauthorised attacks. Expiration date: after 19 years.
Purpose: This cookie is used to create a profile about your interests. This data helps to display personalised advertising.
Expiration date: after 2 years.
Purpose: This cookie stores information about your login details.
. Expiration date: after 2 years.
Purpose: This cookie works by uniquely identifying your browser and device. It is used to create a profile about your interests. create.
Expiration date: after 2 years.
Purpose: This cookie stores your Google Account ID and your last login time in digitally signed and encrypted form.
Expiration date: after 2 years.
Purpose: This cookie stores information about how you use the website and what advertisements you may have seen before visiting our site.
Expiration date: after 3 months.
The data that YouTube receives from you and processes is stored on Google servers. Most of these servers are located in America. At https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/?hl=de you can see exactly where Google's data centres are located. Your data is distributed across the servers. This means that the data can be accessed more quickly and is better protected against manipulation.
Google stores the collected data for different lengths of time. Some data can be deleted at any time, others are automatically deleted after a limited period of time and still others are stored by Google for a longer period of time. stored by Google for a longer period of time. Some data (such as My Activity items, photos or documents, products) stored in your Google Account will remain stored until you delete it. stored until you delete it. Even if you are not signed in to a Google Account, you can delete some data associated with your device, browser or app.
Basically, you can delete data in your Google Account manually. With the automatic deletion feature of location and activity data introduced in 2019, information will be stored depending on your decision - either stored for 3 or 18 months and then deleted.
Whether you have a Google account or not, you can configure your browser to delete or disable cookies from Google. Depending on the browser you use you use, this works in different ways. The following instructions show how to manage cookies in your browser:
We only want to welcome flesh and blood people to our site. Bots or spam software of any kind can safely stay at home. That's why we pull out all the stops to to protect ourselves and offer you the best possible user experience. For this reason, we use Google reCAPTCHA from Google. So we can be pretty sure that we remain a "bot-free" website. By using reCAPTCHA, data is transmitted to Google to determine whether you are really a human being. reCAPTCHA is therefore used to ensure the security of our website and, by extension, your security. For example, without reCAPTCHA, it could happen that a bot registers as many e-mail addresses as possible during a registration e-mail addresses in order to "spam" forums or blogs with unwanted advertising content. With reCAPTCHA, we can avoid such bot attacks.
reCAPTCHA collects personal data from users in order to determine whether the actions on our website actually originate from people. It can therefore send the IP address and other data, that Google requires for the reCAPTCHA service may be sent to Google. IP addresses are almost always shortened beforehand within the member states of the EU or other signatory states to the Agreement on the European Economic Area. European Economic Area are almost always shortened before the data ends up on a server in the USA. The IP address will not be combined with other data from Google unless you have are logged in with your Google account while using reCAPTCHA. First, the reCAPTCHA algorithm checks whether Google cookies from other Google services (YouTube. Gmail, etc.) are already present on your browser. (YouTube, Gmail, etc.) are already placed on your browser. Then, reCAPTCHA places an additional cookie on your browser and captures a snapshot of your browser window.
The following list of collected browser and user data, does not claim to be exhaustive. Rather, they are examples of data that, to our knowledge, are processed by Google. processed by Google.
It is undisputed that Google uses and analyses this data even before you click on the "I am not a robot" checkbox. With the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, even the In the Invisible reCAPTCHA version, you don't even have to tick the box and the whole recognition process runs in the background. Google does not tell you in detail exactly how much and which data it stores.
The following cookies are used by reCAPTCHA: Here we refer to the reCAPTCHA demo version from Google at. https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api2/demo. All these cookies require a unique identifier a unique identifier. Here is a list of cookies that Google reCAPTCHA has set on the demo version:
Purpose: This cookie is set by the company DoubleClick (also owned by Google) to record and report a user's actions on the website in dealing with advertisements. and to report them. This allows advertising effectiveness to be measured and appropriate optimisation measures to be taken. IDE is stored in browsers under the domain doubleclick.net. stored.
Expiration date: after one year.
Purpose: This cookie collects statistics on website usage and measures conversions. A conversion occurs, for example, when a user becomes a buyer. The cookie is also used to display relevant advertisements to users. Furthermore, the cookie can be used to prevent a user from seeing the same ad more than once. Expiration date: after one month
Expiration date: after 9 months.
Purpose: The cookie stores the status of a user's consent to use different services from Google. CONSENT is also used for security purposes, to verify user users, prevent credential fraud and protect user data from unauthorised attacks.
Expiration date: after 19 years.
Purpose: NID is used by Google to customise advertisements to your Google search. With the help of the cookie, Google "remembers" your most frequently typed search queries or your previous interaction with ads. This way you will always get tailored ads. The cookie contains a unique ID to collect the user's personal preferences for advertising purposes. for advertising purposes.
Expiration date: after 6 months.
Purpose: Once you have ticked the "I am not a robot" box, this cookie is set. The cookie is used by Google Analytics for personalised personalised advertising. DV collects information in anonymous form and is further used to make user distinctions.
. Expiration date: after 10 minutes.
Note: This list cannot claim to be exhaustive, as Google's experience has shown that they change their choice of cookies every now and then.
By inserting reCAPTCHA, data is transferred from you to the Google server. Where exactly this data is stored is not made clear by Google, even after repeated requests. clearly. Without having received confirmation from Google, it can be assumed that data such as mouse interaction, time spent on the website or language settings are stored on the European or American Google servers. The IP address that your browser transmits to Google will not be merged with other Google data from other Google services. Google services. However, if you are logged into your Google account while using the reCAPTCHA plug-in, the data will be merged. The deviating data protection provisions of Google apply.
If you do not want any data about you and your behaviour to be transmitted to Google, you must log out of Google completely before visiting our website or using the reCAPTCHA software. Google and delete all Google cookies before you visit our website or use the reCAPTCHA software. In principle, the data is automatically transmitted to Google as soon as you visit our website. To delete this data again you will need to contact Google support at https://support.google.com/?hl=de&tid=311257055.
So by using our website, you consent to the automatic collection, processing and use of data by Google LLC and its agents.
You can learn a little more about reCAPTCHA on Google's web developer page at. https://developers.google.com/recaptcha/. Although Google is referring here to the technical development of reCAPTCHA in more detail, but exact information about data storage and data protection-relevant topics is also searched for in vain there. A good overview of the basic use of data at Google can be found in the company's own data protection declaration at https://www.google.com/intl/de/policies/privacy/.